skip to main content

Fecal Sludge Management in Developing Countries: Developing Countries Comparison

*Nadia Paramita  -  Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Raldi Hendrotoro Seputro Koestoer  -  Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Several factors that influence the achievement of the sustainability of an MSS management system are identified. This study aims to determine what aspects of sustainability affect a system's municipal wastewater sludge management to run appropriately using conventional technology. The method used in this research is a comparative approach. The study compares urban domestic wastewater focusing on fecal sludge management (FSM) in Egypt and Indonesia. It is known that the sustainability factor of wastewater management systems includes economic, social, environmental, and technological factors. In Indonesia, institutional, which is also included in the social aspect, becomes the most significant limitation to implement the appropriate FSM. The best technology chosen for Egypt is anaerobic digestion, while in Indonesia, the right technology chosen is sludge drying bed (SDB) and also the combination of solid separation chamber (SSC) with draining area (DA). From an economic point of view, the 2 sub-factors that influence the sustainability system are investment cost and operation and maintenance cost. Regarding socio-culture, the awareness and participation of the community and the private sector needs to be increased to achieve the sustainability of sludge management services in both countries

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: sustainability factors, fecal sludge management, Egypt, Indonesia

Article Metrics:

  1. Abu Zeid, K., Elrawady, M. 2014. The strategic vision of treated wastewater reuse in Egypt. Cairo, Egypt: Center for Environment & Development for the Arab Region & Europe (CEDARE)
  2. Andreoli, CV., Speling, MV., Fernandes, F. 2007. Sludge Treatment and disposal. London: Iwa Publishing
  3. Appels, L., Baeyens, J., Degr`eve, J., Dewil, R. 2008. Principles and potential of the anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science (34), 755–81
  4. Appels, L., Joost, L., Degrève, J., Helsen, L., Lievens, B., Willems, K., Jan, VI., Raf, D. (2011). Anaerobic digestion in global bio-energy production: potential and research challenges Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (15), 4295–4301
  5. Azizah, CA. 2017. Scheduled sludge service in Lowokwaru District, Malang City. Thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November
  6. Endang, SRN. 2014. Identification of sustainability factors for the provision of household wastewater facilities and infrastructure using the sem and ahp methods (a case study in the sub-districts of Setiabudi and Tebet, South Jakarta). Dissertation, Institut Teknologi Bandung
  7. International Urban Water and Sanitation Hygiene. 2018. Scheduled sludge service training (L2T2) syllabus and module – 4 Getting to know L2T2. USAID – Indonesia Urban Water Sanitation and Environmental Hygiene for All (IUWASH PLUS)
  8. JimEnez, B., Barrios, JA., Mendez-Contreras, JM., Diaz, J. 2004. Sustainable sludge management in developing countries. Water Science Technology, 251-258
  9. Paramita, N. 2009. Selection of community-based sustainable local sanitation processing through the PNPM Mandiri Program (Case Study: Sadang Seran Village Bandung). Thesis, Institut Teknologi Bandung
  10. Kelessidis A, Stasinakis AS. 2012. Comparative study of the methods used for treatment and final disposal of fecal sludge in European countries. Waste Management, 32–95
  11. Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing. 2019. Wastewater Treatment Agency (WWTP)
  12. Keraf, S. 2014. Environmental Philosophy. Jakarta: PT. Canisius
  13. Keraf, S. 2010. Environmental Ethics. Jakarta: PT. Kompas Media Nusantara
  14. Metcalf, E. 2003. Wastewater engineering–treatment and reuse, revised by Tchobanoglous, G., Burton, FL, Stensel, HD fourth ed. New York: McGraw-HillInc
  15. Nasir, I. M., Tinia, I M G., Rozita, O. 2012. Production of biogas from solid organic wastes through anaerobic digestion: a review. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology (95), 321–329
  16. Putri, NC. 2015. A Study on implementation of sludge treatment plants in Indonesia. Thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November
  17. Wahaab, RW., Mohamed, M B., Jules, B., van, L C. 2020. Toward achieving sustainable management of municipal wastewater sludge in Egypt: The Current Status and Future
  18. Shahab, AA. 2020. Planning for sludge treatment installation (FSTP) in Citra Wisata Housing using Anaerobic Digestion. Thesis, Universitas Sumatra Utara
  19. Said, N., El-Shatoury, SA., Díaz, LF., Zamoran, M. 2013. Quantitative appraisal of biomass resources and their energy potential in Egypt. Renewable Sustainable Energy Reviews, 84–91
  20. Turovsky, I S., Mathai, P K. 2006. Wastewater sludge processing. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
  21. Yuan, H P., Zhu, N W., 2016. Progress in inhibition mechanisms and process control of intermediates and by-products in sewage sludge anaerobic digestion. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (58), 429-438
  22. Zhen, G., Lu, X., Kato, H., Zhao, Y., Li, YY. 2017. Overview of pretreatment strategies for enhancing sewage sludge disintegration and subsequent anaerobic digestion: current advances, full-scale application and future perspectives. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (69), 559-577
  23. Zhou, G., Gua, Y., Yuan, H., Gonga, Y., Wu, Y. 2020. Selecting sustainable technologies for disposal of municipal sewage sludge using a multi-criterion decision-making method: A case study from China. Elsevier. Resources, Conservation & Recycling (161), 104881

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.