PERTUMBUHAN IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus) DENGAN METODE BUDIDAYA CLEANER PRODUCTION (The Growth of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Cleaner Production Culture Method)

*Haeruddin Haeruddin  -  Program Studi Doktor Manajemen Sumberdaya Pantai, Indonesia
Supriharyono Supriharyono  -  Program Studi Magister Manajemen Sumberdaya Pantai, Indonesia
Niniek Widyorini  -  Program Studi Sarjana Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Indonesia
Received: 6 May 2019; Published: 17 Dec 2019.
Open Access
Citation Format:
Abstract

Budidaya ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus) merupakan industri budidaya yang cukup penting saat ini.  Ikan nila merupakan salah satu komoditas unggulan perikanan budidaya.  Penerapan cleaner production dalam budidaya ikan dilakukan untuk mengatasi permasalahan pencemaran lingkungan dari limbah budidaya ikan.  Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengkaji pertumbuhan ikan nila (panjang dan berat) pada metode budidaya ikan cleaner production dengan mengaplikasikan enzim EZplus ke dalam pakan untuk menekan limbah padat dan cair yang dihasilkan ikan.  Peubah yang diamati meliputi laju pertambahan panjang harian ikan, laju pertumbuhan berat harian ikan nila atau Specific Growth Rate (SGR), dan rasio konversi pakan atau Food Conversion Ratio (FCR).  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan metode budidaya cleaner production pada ikan nila mampu meningkatkan laju pertumbuhan panjang dan bobot ikan serta memperbaiki rasio konversi pakan dan memperbaiki mutu media pemeliharaan ikan.

 

Nowadays the tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) culture is one of the important aquaculture industry.  Tilapia is one of the best commodity in fish culture.  Implementation of cleaner production in fish farming is carried out to overcome the problem of environmental pollution from fish farming waste.  This research was conducted to examine the growth of tilapia (length and weight) in the Cleaner Production cultivation method by applying the EZplus enzyme to the feed to suppress the solid and liquid waste produced by fish.  The variables observed included the daily growth rate of fish length, Specific Growth Rate (SGR), and feed conversion ratio (FCR).  The results showed that the application of the Cleaner Production cultivation method in tilapia was able to increase the daily growth rate of fish length and weight as well as improve feed conversion ratio and improve the quality of fish culture media.

 

 

  
Keywords: budidaya; cleaner production; ikan nila; pertumbuhan.

Article Metrics:

  1. Arafat M.Y., N. Abdulgani, R.D. Devianto. 2015. Pengaruh penambahan enzim pada pakan ikan terhadap pertumbuhan ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus). Jurnal Sains dan Seni ITS. Vol. 4 No. 1. : 2337 – 3520. DOI: (2301-928XPrint
  2. Benli A.C.K., G. Koksal, A. Ozkul. 2008. Sublethal ammonia exposure of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.): effect on gills, liver and kidney histology. Chemosphere 72: 1355 – 1358. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.04.037
  3. Bilotta GS, Brazier RE. 2008. Understanding the influence of suspended solids on water quality and aquatic biota. Water Res 42: 2849 – 286
  4. Bornscheuer, UT., and Buchholz, K. 2005. Highlight in biocatalyst – hystorical ladmarks and currents trends. Eng.life.sci. (4): 309 – 323
  5. Farhangi, M and J.G. Carter. 2007. Effect of enzyme supplementation to dehulled-lupin based diets on growth, feed efficiency, nutrient digestibility and carcas on rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaumm). Aqua. Res. 38: 1274 – 1282. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2007.01789.x
  6. Haas, T., Kircher, M., Kohler, T., Wich, G., Schork, U., Hagen, R. 2009. White biotechnology in Hofer, R., (ed). Sustainable solution for modern economies. RCS Publishing. Cambridge
  7. Haeruddin, Supriharyono, S. Febrianto. 2018. Water Quality Improvement of Media Culture for Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) with Cleaner Production Method. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 116 (2018) 012080 DOI :10.1088/1755-1315/116/1/012080
  8. H. Hamli, M.H. Idris and S.K. Wong, 2013. Effect of Fermented Kitchen Waste on Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Growth Performance and Water Quality as a Water Additive. Journal of Biological Sciences, 13: 559-562. DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2013.559.562
  9. Jegannathan K.R., P.H. Nielsen. 2013. Environmental assessment of enzyme use in industrial production- a literature review. Journal of Cleaner Production 42: 228 – 240. DOI: 0959-6526©2013ElsevierLtd.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.11.005
  10. Kirk, O., Borchert, TV., Fuglsang, CC. 2002. Industrial enzymes application. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. (13): 345 – 351. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-1669(02)00328-2
  11. Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. 2016. 2015, Produksi Perikanan Budidaya 4,31 Juta ton. Jakarta. Databoks.katadata.co.id. diunduh Januari 2019
  12. Maulidin, R., Muchlisin, Z.A., Muhammadar, AA. 2016. Pertumbuhan dan pemanfaatan pakan ikan gabus (Channa striata) pada konsentrasi enzim papain yang berbeda. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan dan Perikanan Unsyiah. Volume 1, Nomor 3: 280 -290. Versi online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308962886
  13. OECD [Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development]. 2009. Metrics to Support Informed Decision Making for Consumers of Biobased Products Organisation. OECD Publications, France
  14. Soltan, M.A. 2009. Effect of dietary fish meal replacement by poultry by-product meal with different grain source and enzyme supplementation on performance and feses recovery, body composition and nutrient balance of nile tilapia. Pak. .J. Nutr., 8 (4): 395 – 407. DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2009.395.407
  15. Soni, AFM, E. Sutikno, I.M. Suitha. 2015. Budidaya Ikan Bandeng (Chanos chanos Forskal) di Tambak Rakyat Dengan Menggunakan Pakan Rendah Protein Sebagai Alternatif Peningkatan Petani Tambak
  16. SNI [Standar Nasional Indonesia]. 2005. Air dan Air limbah – Bagian 30: cara uji kadar ammonia dengan spektrofotometer secara fenat. Badan Standarisasi Nasional (BSN), Jakarta
  17. SNI [Standar Nasional Indonesia]. 2004. Air dan air Limbah – Bagian 9: cara uji kadar nitrit dengan spektrofotometri. Badan Standarisasi Nasional (BSN), Jakarta
  18. SNI [Standar Nasional Indonesia]. 2009. Air dan air Limbah – Bagian 75: cara uji sulfida secara Iodometri. Badan Standarisasi Nasional (BSN), Jakarta
  19. The tropical tank. 2017. More on the Nitrogen Cycle: Ammonia, Nitrite and Nitrate, Fishles
  20. Tilak KS., Lakshmi JS., Susan TA. 2002. The toxicity of ammonia, nitrite and nitrate to the fish, Catla catla (Hamilton). J Environ Biol 23 (2): 147 – 149. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/10885959_The_toxicity_of_ammonia_nitrite_and_nitrate_to_the_fish_Catla_catla_Hamilton
  21. UNEP [United Nation Environment Protection]. 1998. International Declaration on Cleaner Production, September 1998
  22. UNEP [United Nation Environment Protecton]. 2011. Towards a life cycle sustainability assessment: making informed choice on products. UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative. DTI/1412/PA. United Nation Environment Programme
  23. Yildirim Y.B. and Turan F. 2010. Effect of supplementation in diet on growth and feed utilization in African Catfish Clarias garipenius. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 9: 327 – 331. DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2010.327.331

Last update: 2021-03-04 01:12:21

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-03-04 01:12:23

No citation recorded.