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MICROALGAE COMMUNITY AS AQUATIC QUALITY BIOINDICATOR IN PENITI ESTUARY WEST KALIMANTAN

Apriansyah Apriansyah  -  1Marine Science Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Tanjungpura, Indonesia
*Ikha Safitri scopus  -  1Marine Science Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Tanjungpura, Indonesia
Risko Risko  -  Marine Science Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Tanjungpura, Indonesia
Afdal Afdal  -  Oceanographic Research Center LIPI, Jl. Pasir Putih 1, Ancol Timur, Jakarta Utara, Indonesia
Sulastri Arsad  -  Department of Aquatic Resources Management, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia

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Abstract
Estuaries are biogeochemical hot spots; they receive large inputs of nutrients from land and oceans to support high primary productivity rates. Estuaries also as a place for waste disposal allowing the accumulation that endangers the environment and organisms. Water quality assessment can be done by analyzing physical, chemical, and biological characteristics using microalgae. This study aimed to analyze the microalgae community as aquatic environment bioindicator. Survey method was used and sampling location was in four different sites of Peniti Estuary by purposive sampling. Identification of microalgae, density, biological indexes, and water quality measurements was taken in this research. The result showed microalgae community consists of 68 genera and Euglenophyceae was a component of microalgae with the highest percentage of abundance (60.93%). The most commonly found genera were Trachelomonas, Phacus, Lepocinclis, and Sphaerellopsis. The abundance of microalga was ranging from 0.5-2141.5 ind/L. Biological indexes indicate that Peniti estuary environment was belonging to moderately polluted and water eutrophication. The abundance of microalgae was influenced by physico-chemical factors such as temperature, current, nitrate and phosphate content.
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Keywords: Microalgae, bioindicator, estuaries

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