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Enhancing the Phenolic Content of Bio-Oil by Acid Pre-Treatment of Biomass

1Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University, Bilecik, Turkey

2Central Research Laboratory, Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University, Bilecik, Turkey

Published: 10 Jul 2018.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto

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Pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass with acidic pre-treatment to produce valuable bio-chemicals has been carried out in an integrated pyrolysis-gas chromatograph/mass spectrometry system. Three different waste biomasses (fir wood sawdust, pine wood sawdust and nutshell) were subjected to acidic solution to specify the acid pre-treatment effect on biomass chemical structure, thermal degradation profile and pyrolysis products. Post acid pre-treatments, the changes in the biomasses and thermal degradation profile were studied through proximate, structure and ultimate analysis and thermogravimetric. The pre-treatment significantly reduced the inorganic, cellulose and hemicellulose content in biomass samples. According to the pyrolysis experiment results, acid pre-treatment provided the increasing of the amount of phenolic in the degradation products at 10 min pyrolysis time. All the results would assist further understanding of thermal decomposition and thermo-chemical application for bio-fuels and bio-chemicals of fir wood sawdust, pine wood sawdust and nutshell.

Article History: Received January 15th 2018; Received in revised form May 24th 2018; Accepted 7th June 2018; Available online

How to Cite This Article: Ozbay, N. and Yaman, E (2018) Enhancing the Phenolic Content of Bio-Oil by Acid Pre-Treatment of Biomass. Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 7(2), 163-169.

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Keywords: Pyrolysis, lignocellulosic biomass, acid pre-treatment, renewable chemicals, fir wood sawdust, pine wood sawdust, nutshell

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