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Investigation of the Impact of Large-Scale Wind Power and Solar Power Plants on a Vietnamese Transmission Network

1Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Quy Nhon University, Quy Nhon City, Binh Dinh, Vietnam, Viet Nam

2The University of Danang - University of Technology and Education, Da Nang city, Vietnam, Viet Nam

3The University of Danang - University of Science and Technology, Da Nang city, Vietnam, Viet Nam

Received: 3 Jan 2022; Revised: 24 May 2022; Accepted: 1 Jun 2022; Available online: 20 Jun 2022; Published: 4 Aug 2022.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract
Integrating wind power and solar power plants into a power system has significantly grown over the past decade and is expected to grow to unprecedented levels in the coming years. In Vietnam, much large-scale wind power and solar power plants have been built and connected to the power system in recent years. To investigate and evaluate the impact of these power plants on system power operation, the 110kV power transmission network of Binh Dinh province in Vietnam is used in this paper. In the system, the Phuong Mai 3 wind power plant with a capacity of 21MW, the Fujiwara solar power plant with a peak capacity of 50MWp, and the Cat Hiep solar power plant with a peak capacity of 49.5MWp are modeled by using the PSS/E software to simulate and analyze their impacts on power system stability of the 110kV transmission network in Binh Dinh province, Vietnam. Besides, the control strategies of these power plants are also established to investigate their impacts on the network. In addition, this paper proposes three typical scenarios for the wind power and solar power plants in the system. For each scenario, the grid's operating parameters such as voltage variations and frequency variations are acquired for analyzing and evaluating their impacts on the frequency and voltage variations of the network. The simulation results show that the 110kV power transmission network remains in a stable operation mode after the fault scenarios for the wind and solar power plants. Furthermore, these simulation results provide some guidance for the actual operation
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Keywords: renewable resource; transmission network; voltage variation; frequency variation, Fault scenario

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