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2. PENCEGAHAN PRAKTEK KEJAHATAN EKONOMI DALAM PERDAGANGAN BEBAS – ORIGIN FRAUD DALAM INDUSTRI MEBEL KAYU DI JEPARA

*Marten Hanura  -  Prodi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Sheiffi Puspa P  -  Prodi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Andi Akhmad Basith Dir  -  Prodi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro
Shary Charlotte P  -  Prodi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

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Abstract
Indonesia has been known to have abundant natural resources and culture-based creative industries.The country is therefore vulnerable to the practice of fraud of origin. One of many industrial sectorssusceptible to that particular crime is the wooden furniture businesses. In many cases, it is apparent thatnatural products and raw materials of Indonesia are being exported without listing the country as the place oforigin. The most common Indonesian material falls within this illegal practice are timber products. In theprovince of Central Java, Jepara has been a prominent center of timber industry producing high quality timberproducts and wooden raw materials. From a unique standpoint, the timber industry in Jepara is deeply rootedto the culture and identity of the natives, making the attempt to separate the discussion between timber industryand the people of Jepara not only imprudent but virtually impossible. By looking at the statistic in whichJepara’s public education level is assessed to be still below the national standard, and as well bearing to thegeneral fact that the timber actors in Jepara are more focused on product sales rather than important technicalaspects such as certification of origin, it should be projected that crimes such as fraud of origin could be easilycommitted in Jepara. This study is using a comparative advantage theory and theories or models of H-O toinvestigate how the practice of fraud of origin in Jepara occurs and how to resolve such problem
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Keywords: fraud of origin; wood furniture industry; Jepara

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