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Tatalaksana Badai Tiroid dan Aritmia di ICU: Serial Kasus

1Rumah Sakit Panti Wilasa dr. Cipto, Semarang, Indonesia

2Departemen Anestesi, Rumah Sakit Panti Wilasa dr. Cipto, Semarang, Indonesia

Received: 26 Apr 2023; Published: 31 Jul 2023.

Citation Format:
Abstract

Latar belakang: Badai tiroid atau krisis hipertiroid merupakan komplikasi hipertiroidisme akut yang mengancam jiwa dan sebagai presentasi dari tirotoksikosis yang berlebihan. Gejala badai tiroid yang paling parah yang mungkin terjadi berupa aritmia atrium dan/atau ventrikel, gagal jantung, dan/atau henti jantung.

Kasus: Pada ketiga kasus, terdapat gambaran klinis serta gangguan irama jantung yang berbeda berupa atrial fibrilasi (AF) dan supraventrikuler takikardi (SVT) yang berhubungan dengan hipertiroidisme. Terdapat kegawatdaruratan badai tiroid yang dapat mengancam nyawa sehingga diperlukan perawatan yang intensif pada ketiga pasien tersebut. Selama perawatan di intensive care unit (ICU), ketiga pasien mendapatkan terapi standar berupa antitiroid dan obat antiaritmia golongan beta bloker dan golongan glikosida digitalis.

Diskusi: Peningkatan hormon tiroid memiliki peran untuk menyebabkan AF dan SVT. Setelah dilakukan tatalaksana sesuai dengan Japan Guideline Thyroid Storm (2016), terdapat perbaikan pada kasus 2 dan 3. Namun, pada kasus 1 tetap didapatkan SVT persisten dengan badai tiroid yang tidak terkontrol.

Kesimpulan: Gambaran klinis badai tiroid bervariasi, mulai dari disfungsi sistem termoregulasi, gangguan gastrointestinal dan hati, gangguan sistem saraf pusat, dan gangguan irama jantung. Pada ketiga kasus ini, gambaran klinis dari hipertiroidisme akut dan badai tiroid berbeda-beda. Namun, terdapat kegawatdaruratan yang sama yang dapat mengancam nyawa sehingga diperlukan perawatan yang intensif pada ketiga pasien tersebut.

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Keywords: AF; badai tiroid; perawatan intensif; serial kasus; SVT

Article Metrics:

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