Tabel Hidup Nyamuk Vektor Filariasis Limfatik Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) di Laboratorium

*Tri Ramadhani -  Balai Litbang P2B2, Banjarnegara, Indonesia
Vina Yuliani -  Balai Litbang P2B2, Banjarnegara, Indonesia
Upik Kesumawati Hadi -  Laboratorium Entomologi Departemen Parasitologi dan Entomologi Kedokteran Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia
Susi Soviana -  Laboratorium Entomologi Departemen Parasitologi dan Entomologi Kedokteran Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia
Zubaidah Irawati -  Pusat Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi (PAIR) – Badan Atom Tenaga Nuklir (BATAN) Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Received: 31 Dec 2018; Revised: 3 Jul 2019; Accepted: 8 Aug 2019; Available online: 2 Oct 2019.
Open Access Copyright 2019 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA
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Abstract

Latar belakang: Kelangsungan hidup nyamuk merupakan aspek yang penting dalam penularan penyakit tular vektor. Culex quinquefasciatus merupakan vektor filariasis limfatik yang disebabkan oleh wuchereria bancrofti. Pengetahuan kehidupan nyamuk berperan penting dalam keberhasilan program pengendalian vektor. Tujuan penelitian ini mendiskripsikan tabel hidup nyamuk Cx. quinquefasciatus di laboratorium.

Metode: Penelitian diawali dengan koleksi larva Cx. quinquefasciatus di  Kota Pekalongan, kemudian diidentifikasi dan kolonisasi dalam kondisi laboratorium. Parameter yang diukur meliputi masa inkubasi, ekslosi, eksdisis, ketahanan hidup, laju reproduksi, waktu generasi dan laju pertumbuhan intrinsik.  

HasilCx. quinquefasciatus mempunyai siklus hidup 12.5 hari. Umur telur, larva, dan pupa masing-masing adalah 2.07; 10.2; dan  2.25 hari. Nyamuk jantan mempunyai ketahanan hidup yang lebih pendek dibandingkan betina. Laju reproduksi  bersih (Ro) sebesar 196.75, laju pertumbuhan intrinsik 0.35  dan waktu generasi (T) 14.91 hari.

Simpulan: Pertumbuhan populasi Cx. quinquefasciatus  dapat diatur dan dikendalikan oleh kelulusan hidup dan mortalitas.

 

ABSTRACT

Title: The Live Table of Vector Lymphatic Filariasis Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Laboratory

Background: The survival of a mosquito is an important aspect in the transmission of vector borne disease. Culex quinquefasciatus, which is a vector of lymphatic filariasis caused by wuchereria bancrofti. The knowledge of mosquito life is important in providing the foundation for the success of the vector control program. The research  aim to describe the life table Cx. quinquefasciatus in the laboratory

Methods:. This study was originated from the collecting larve  of Cx. quinquefasciatus from Pekalongan City, which were then identified and colonized under laboratory conditions. Parameters measured include the incubation period, ekslosi, eksdisis, survival rate, reproduction rate, and generation time.

Results:The results showed that Cx. quinquefasciatus has a 12.5 day life cycle. Egg, larva, and pupa respectively were 2.07; 10.2; and 2.25 days. The males have a shorter survival period compared to  the  females. The net  reproductive  rate  (Ro)  was  196.75;  the  intrinsic  growth  rate  (rm)  was  0.35  and  the average generation time (T) was 14.91 days.

Conclusion : The population growth of Culex quinquefasciatus can be regulated and controlled by life graduation and mortality

 

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Keywords
Cx. Quinquefasciatus; tabel hidup; filariasis; laju reproduksi (Cx. Quinquefasciatus; life table; filariasis; reproduction rate)

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