Kajian Metode foto-Fenton untuk Penurunan Konsentrasi Ion Logam Berat Pb(II) dan Cu(II) dalam Larutan Secara Simultan dan Sinergi

A Study on Photo-Fenton Method for Simulatenous and Synergic Decreasing Concentration of Pb(II) and Cu(II) in the Solution

*Endang Tri Wahyuni -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Dewi Supraba -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Sigit Raharjo -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Dwi Siswanta -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Received: 11 Jun 2019; Revised: 24 Aug 2019; Accepted: 9 Sep 2019; Published: 30 Sep 2019.
Open Access Copyright 2019 Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Citation Format:
Cover Image
Article Info
Section: Research Articles
Language: ID
Full Text:
Statistics: 54 29
Abstract
To prevent an environmental pollution by hazardous heavy metals, in the present study, a simulatenous decrease of the concentration of Pb((II) and Cu(II) in the solution by photo-Fenton method has been systematically studied. Photo-Fenton process proceeded in a close reactor by batch technique. The process was conducted by exposure solutions containing Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions, and Fenton’s reagent (Fe2+ and H2O2) under UV-A lamp. In this study, the initial concentations of Pb(II) and Cu(II), and the exposure time were optimized. The synergyc effect that may be appeared on the decrease of Pb(II) and Cu(II) ion concentrations simultaneously through photo-Fenton process was also addressed. The concentrations of Pb(II) and Cu(II) in the solution were determined by AAS. The research results exhibited that photo-Fenton process could decrease Pb(II) and Cu(II) concentrations, and the maximum decreases, 46.12 % dan 16.86% for Pb(II) and for Cu(II) respecticely, were found by applying both initial concentration of Pb(II) and Cu(II) as much 35 mg/L, and 60 min of the time. The concentration decreases of Pb (II) and Cu(II) were results of oxidation by OH and by electron to form PbO2 and Cu particles respectively as probed by EDX data. Furthermore, photo-Fenton process toward a solution containing Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions allowed oxidation of Pb(II) and reduction of Cu(II) simultaneously and showed a synergic effect. Such effect was demonstrated by the fact that the presence of Cu(II) ion in the photo-Fenton process of Pb(II) solution could improve the Pb(II) oxidation and the highest improvement of Pb(II) oxidation (81.06%) was shown by 35 mg/L of the Cu(II) concentration. Similarly, the presence of Pb(II) in the photo-Fenton process of Cu(II) solution could enhance the reduction of Cu(II), and the highest effect on the Cu(II) reduction enhancement was exhibited by 35 mg/L of the Pb(II) concentration.
Keywords
photo-Fenton; Pb(II); oxidation; Cu(II); reduction; simultaneous; synergy

Article Metrics:

  1. Oghenerobor Benjamin Akpor, Gladys Onolunose Ohiobor, Tomilola Debby Olaolu, Heavy Metal Pollutants in Wastewater Effluents: Sources, Effects and Remediation, , Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering, 2, 4, (2014) 37-43 http://doi.org/10.11648/j.abb.20140204.11
  2. Virág Kertész, Gábor Bakonyi, Beáta Farkas, Water pollution by Cu and Pb can adversely affect mallard embryonic development, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 65, 1, (2006) 67-73 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2005.05.016
  3. R. M. Harrison, Lead Pollution: Causes and control, Springer Netherlands, 1981.
  4. Shuheng Yao, Jiajun Zhang, Dekui Shen, Rui Xiao, Sai Gu, Ming Zhao, Junyu Liang, Removal of Pb(II) from water by the activated carbon modified by nitric acid under microwave heating, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 463, (2016) 118-127 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2015.10.047
  5. Edidiong Asuquo, Alastair Martin, Petrus Nzerem, Flor Siperstein, Xiaolei Fan, Adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions using mesoporous activated carbon adsorbent: Equilibrium, kinetics and characterisation studies, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 5, 1, (2017) 679-698 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2016.12.043
  6. Ahmed M. Soliman, Hanan M. Elwy, Thies Thiemann, Yasamin Majedi, Felix T. Labata, Nathir A. F. Al-Rawashdeh, Removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions by sulphuric acid-treated palm tree leaves, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 58, (2016) 264-273 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2015.05.035
  7. Gutha Yuvaraja, Nettem Krishnaiah, Munagapati Venkata Subbaiah, Abburi Krishnaiah, Biosorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solution by Solanum melongena leaf powder as a low-cost biosorbent prepared from agricultural waste, Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 114, (2014) 75-81 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.09.039
  8. Mohamed E. Mahmoud, Azza E. H. Abdou, Somia B. Ahmed, Conversion of Waste Styrofoam into Engineered Adsorbents for Efficient Removal of Cadmium, Lead and Mercury from Water, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 4, 3, (2016) 819-827 http://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.5b01149
  9. Hakan Demiral, Cihan Güngör, Adsorption of copper(II) from aqueous solutions on activated carbon prepared from grape bagasse, Journal of Cleaner Production, 124, (2016) 103-113 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.02.084
  10. A. Macías-García, M. Gómez Corzo, M. Alfaro Domínguez, M. Alexandre Franco, J. Martínez Naharro, Study of the adsorption and electroadsorption process of Cu (II) ions within thermally and chemically modified activated carbon, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 328, (2017) 46-55 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.11.036
  11. Jun Xu, Shiyun Zhu, Peng Liu, Wenhua Gao, Jun Li, Lihuan Mo, Adsorption of Cu(ii) ions in aqueous solution by aminated lignin from enzymatic hydrolysis residues, RSC Advances, 7, 71, (2017) 44751-44758 http://doi.org/10.1039/C7RA06693G
  12. Thouria Benzaoui, Ammar Selatnia, Djaafar Djabali, Adsorption of copper (II) ions from aqueous solution using bottom ash of expired drugs incineration, Adsorption Science & Technology, 36, 1-2, (2017) 114-129 http://doi.org/10.1177/0263617416685099
  13. Srimala Sreekantan, Chin Wei Lai, Syazwani Mohd Zaki, The Influence of Lead Concentration on Photocatalytic Reduction of Pb(II) Ions Assisted by Cu-TiO2 Nanotubes, International Journal of Photoenergy, 2014, (2014) 7 http://doi.org/10.1155/2014/839106
  14. J. Torres, S. Cervera-March, Kinetics of the photoassisted catalytic oxidation of Pb(II) in TiO2 suspensions, Chemical Engineering Science, 47, 15, (1992) 3857-3862 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2509(92)85134-W
  15. Endang Tri Wahyuni, Nurul Hidayat Aprilita, H. Hatimah, A. M. Wulandari, M. Mudasir, Removal of Toxic Metal Ions in Water by Photocatalytic Method, American Chemical Science Journal, 5, 2, (2015) 194-201 http://doi.org/10.9734/ACSJ/2015/13807
  16. Endang Tri Wahyuni, Mudasir Mudasir, Tania Avia Gusman, Influence of Cyanide on Removal of Copper Ion from the Solution by Photocatalytic Reduction Method With TiO2 Suspension, Indonesian Journal of Chemistry, 10, 1, (2010) 32-35 https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21477
  17. Endang Tri Wahyuni, Nurul Hidayat Aprilita, An Nissa F. Hayu, Siti Nurhayati, The Influence of Oxalic and Malonic Acids on the Degree Of Cu(II) Photoreduction Catalyzed By TiO2, Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan, 15, 1, (2008) http://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18674
  18. Marisa Canterino, Ilaria Di Somma, Raffaele Marotta, Roberto Andreozzi, Kinetic investigation of Cu(II) ions photoreduction in presence of titanium dioxide and formic acid, Water Research, 42, 17, (2008) 4498-4506 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2008.07.035
  19. E. T. Wahyuni, D. Siswanta, E. S. Kunarti, D. Supraba, S. Budiraharjo, Removal of Pb(II) ions in the aqueous solution by photo-Fenton method, Global NEST Journal, 21, 2, (2019) 180-186 https://doi.org/10.30955/gnj.002936
  20. Arjunan Babuponnusami, Karuppan Muthukumar, A review on Fenton and improvements to the Fenton process for wastewater treatment, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2, 1, (2014) 557-572 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2013.10.011
  21. Yao-Hui Huang, Yu-Jen Huang, Hung-Chih Tsai, Hung-Ta Chen, Degradation of phenol using low concentration of ferric ions by the photo-Fenton process, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 41, 6, (2010) 699-704 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2010.01.012
  22. Daphne Hermosilla, Manuel Cortijo, Chin Pao Huang, Optimizing the treatment of landfill leachate by conventional Fenton and photo-Fenton processes, Science of The Total Environment, 407, 11, (2009) 3473-3481 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.02.009
  23. Maha A. Tony, Zeinab Bedri, Experimental Design of Photo-Fenton Reactions for the Treatment of Car Wash Wastewater Effluents by Response Surface Methodological Analysis, Advances in Environmental Chemistry, 2014, (2014) 8 http://doi.org/10.1155/2014/958134
  24. Endang Tri Wahyuni, R Roto, M. Sabrina, V. Anggraini, N. F. Leswana, A. C. Vionita, Photodegradation of Detergent Anionic Surfactant in Wastewater Using UV/TiO2/H2O2 and UV/Fe2+/H2O2 Processes, American Journal of Applied Chemistry, 4, 5, (2016) 174-180 https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajac.20160405.13
  25. Mansooreh Dehghani, Shahin Behzadi, Mohammad Sadegh Sekhavatjou, Optimizing Fenton process for the removal of amoxicillin from the aqueous phase using Taguchi method, Desalination and Water Treatment, 57, 14, (2016) 6604-6613 http://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1005143