skip to main content

Environmental Law, Populism, and Welfare State: Discourse on Environmental Law in the 21st Century

*Ladlul Muksinin  -  Master of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Aminah Aminah  -  Faculty of Law, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright 2021 LAW REFORM under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Abstract

In the 21st century, the problems of environmental law in various parts of the world are getting more and more alarming. The research results by Elizabeth Fisher (2019) and Sanja Bogojevic (2019) indicate that several environmental law policies have been controlled by populism, as happened in several countries in Europe. Populism is transformed into a movement of people's will which certainly has an impact on the enforcement of environmental laws by various countries around the world. For this reason, this paper intends to discuss the law and to find the definition and influence of populism in protecting environmental laws in the welfare state. The aim was to determine a picture of populism and its influence on the development of environmental law. The result is that populism as an idea or ideology also means a discursive style, and it can also be interpreted as a form of political mobilization. The rise of populism threatens the development of environmental law. Populist attitudes lead to climate skepticism on environmental protection. Environmental protection may provide idealized targets for populists by framing this issue area as an elite project. Individuals who display highly populist attitudes perceive a lack of representation in these issue areas and, therefore, because of the problem of anti-elitism, reject climate and environmental policies. In other words, elite resistance tends to be associated with climate skepticism and lower support for environmental protection.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Populism; Climate Skepticism; Environmental law; Welfare State

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Conceptual Article
Language : EN
Statistics:
  1. Aroney, N. (2017). R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union: Three Competing Syllogisms. The Modern Law Review, Vol.80, (No.4), pp.726-745
  2. Aytac, SE, Carkoglu, Ali., & Elci, Ezgi. (2021). Partisanship, elite messages, and support for populism in power. European Political Science Review, Vol.13, (Issue 1, February 2021), pp.23-39
  3. Bogojevic, S. (2019). The Erosion of the Rule of Law: How Populism Threatens Environmental Protection. Journal of Environmental Law, Vol.31, (No.3, November), pp.389-393
  4. De Vreese, Claes. H., Esser, Frank., Aalberg, Toril., Reinemann, Carsten., & Stanyer, James. (2018). Populism as an expression of political communication content and style: A new perspective. The International Journal of Press/Politics, Vol.23, (No.4), pp.423-438
  5. Engesser, Sven., Ernst, Nicole., Esser, Frank., & Büchel, Florin. (2017). Populism and Social Media: How Politicians Spread a Fragmented Ideology. Information, Communication & Society, Vol.20, (No.8), pp.1109-1126
  6. Fisher, E. (2019). Unearthing the Relationship Between Environmental Law and Populism. Journal of Environmental Law, Vol.31 (No.3, November), pp.383-387
  7. Gidron, Noam., & Bonikowski, Bart. (2013). Varieties of Populism: Literature Review and Research Agenda. Weatherhead Working Paper Series Vol.13,(No.4), pp.1-38
  8. Hadiz, Vedi R., & Robison, Richard. (2017). Competing populisms in post-authoritarian Indonesia. International Political Science Review, Vol.38, (No.4, September), pp.488-502
  9. Hall, J. (2021). In search of enemies: Donald Trump's populist foreign policy rhetoric. Politics, Vol.41, (Issue 1, February 2021), pp.48-63
  10. Helmi, H. (2011). Hukum Lingkungan dalam Negara Hukum Kesejahteraan Untuk Mewujudkan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (Environmental Law in The Welfare State Law Making for Sustainable Development). INOVATIF Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Vol.4, (No.5), pp.93-103
  11. Harteveld, Eelco., Kokkonen, Andrej., Linde, Jonas., & Dahlberg, Stefan. ( 2021). A tough trade-off? The asymmetrical impact of populist radical right inclusion on satisfaction with democracy and government. European Political Science Review, Vol.13, (No.1), pp.113-133
  12. Hilson, C. (2019). Climate Populism, Courts, and Science. Journal of Environmental Law, Vol.31, (No.3), pp.395-398
  13. Holland, Jack., & Fermor, Ben. (2021). The discursive hegemony of Trump's Jacksonian populism: Race, class, and gender in constructions and contestations of US national identity, 2016-2018. Politics, Vol.41 (No.1), pp.64-79
  14. Howarth, D. (2014). Introduction: Discourse, Hegemony and Populism: Ernesto Laclau's Political Theory. In Ernesto Laclau. Routledge, pp.9-28
  15. Huber, Robert A. (2020). The Role of Populist Attitudes in Explaining Climate Change Skepticism and Support for Environmental Protection. Environmental Politics, Vol.29, (No.6), pp.959-982
  16. Jayanto, Dian D. (2019). Mempertimbangkan Fenomena Populisme Islam di Indonesia dalam Perspektif Pertarungan Diskursif: Kontestasi Wacana Politik Antara Gerakan Nasional Pengawal Fatwa Ulama (GNPF-Ulama) dan Nahdlatul Ulama (NU). Jurnal Filsafat, Vol.29, (No.1), pp.1-25
  17. Jedenastik, Laurenz E. (2016). A Welfare State for Whom? A Group-based Account of the Austrian Freedom Party's Social Policy Profile. Swiss Political Science Review, Vol.22, (No.3), pp.409-427
  18. Kaltwasser, Cristobal R. (2012). The Ambivalence of Populism: Threat and Corrective for Democracy. Democratization, Vol.19, (No.2), pp.184-208
  19. de Koster, Willem., Achterberg, Peter., & Waal, Jeroen Van der. (2013). The new right and the welfare state: The electoral relevance of welfare chauvinism and welfare populism in the Netherlands. International Political Science Review, Vol.34, (No.1), pp.3-20
  20. Lacatus, C. (2021). Populism and President Trump's approach to foreign policy: An analysis of tweets and rally speeches. Politics, Vol.41 (No.1), pp.31-47
  21. Lamour, C. (2021). Interviewing a right-wing populist leader during the 2019 EU elections: Conflictual situations and equivocation beyond borders. Discourse and Communication, Vol.15 (No.1), pp.59-73
  22. Margiansyah, D. (2019). Populisme di Indonesia Kontemporer: Transformasi Persaingan Populisme dan Konsekuensinya dalam Dinamika Kontestasi Politik Menjelang Pemilu 2019. Jurnal Penelitian Politik, Vol.16, (No.1), pp.47-68
  23. Maulidya, Nur Mahya., & Alfirdaus, Laila Khoid. (2019). Diskontinuitas Kota Kreatif Pekalongan dalam Perspektif Collaborative Governance. Journal of Politic and Government Studies, Vol.8, (No.04), pp.281-290
  24. Meijers, Maurits J. & Zaslove, Andrej. (2021). Measuring Populism in Political Parties: Appraisal of a New Approach. Comparative Political Studies, Vol.54, (No.2), pp.372-407
  25. Milner, Helen V. (2019). Globalisation, Populism and the Decline of the Welfare State. Survival, Vol.61, (No.2), pp.91-96
  26. Molnar, Gyozo., & Whigham, Stuart. (2021). Radical right populist politics in Hungary: Reinventing the Magyars through sport. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, Vol.56, (No.1), pp.133-148
  27. Mudde, C. (2010). The populist radical right: A pathological normalcy. West European Politics, Vol.33, (No.6), pp.1167-1186
  28. Muhtadi, B. (2013). Populisme; Madu Atau Racun Bagi Demokrasi?. Majalah Indonesia 2014, Vol.1, (No.3), pp.86-98
  29. Muksinin, L. (2020). Sishankamrata in the Indonesian State Defense and Security System from the Beginning of Independence to the Reform Period. Walisongo Law Review (Walrev), Vol.2 (No.2), pp.115-130
  30. Müller, Jan W. (2015). Parsing Populism: Who is and Who is not a Populist These Days?. Juncture, Vol.22, (No.2), pp.80-89
  31. Mustofa, Mustabsyirotul U. (2019). Tinjauan Kritis Populisme di Indonesia Antara Gagasan Atau Cara Baru Sirkulasi Elit?. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Vol.3, (No.1, Januari), pp.70-84
  32. Paskarina, C. (2017). Narasi Identitas Populis dalam Demokrasi Elektoral. Jurnal Bawaslu, Vol.3, (No.2), pp.285-296
  33. Hutari, Choirunisa Agustin., & Paskarina, Caroline. (2019). Implementasi Kebijakan Populis di Provinsi DKI Jakarta (Studi tentang Instruktur Gubernur Nomor 17 Tahun 2018 Terkait Penataan Kawasan Tanah Abang). CosmoGov: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, Vol.5, (No.2), pp.136-146
  34. Preston, B. (2019). The End of Enlightened Environmental Law?. Journal of Environmental Law Vol.31, (No.3, November), pp.399-411
  35. Pribadi, A. (2013). Menjernihkan Politik Populisme. Majalah Indonesia 2014, Vol.1, (No.8), pp.112-125
  36. Rahmawati, R. (2018). Populisme di Aras Demokrasi Indonesia. Jurnal Sosial Soedirman, Vol.2, (No.1), pp.1-14
  37. Ritoga, Alwi Dahlan., & Adela, Fernanda Putra. (2020). Mencermati Populisme Prabowo Sebagai Bentuk Gaya Diskursif Saat Kampanye Politik pada Pemilihan Presiden 2019. Jurnal Ilmu Politik Politea, Vol.12, (No.1), pp.1-13
  38. Sil, Rudra., & Katzenstein, Peter J. (2010). Analytic Eclecticism in the Study of World Politics: Reconfiguring Problems and Mechanisms across Research Traditions. Perspectives on Politics, Vol.8, (No.2), pp.411-431
  39. Waldron, J. (2011). 'Thoughtfulness and the Rule of Law'. Public Law & Legal Theory Research Paper Series Working, Paper No. 11-13, pp.1-20
  40. Widmann, T. (2021). How Emotional Are Populists Really? Factors Explaining Emotional Appeals in the Communication of Political Parties. Political Psychology, Vol.42, (No.1), pp.163-181
  41. de la Torre, C. (Ed.). (2018). Routledge Handbook of Global Populism. England: Routledge
  42. Kaltwasser, Cristobal Rovira., Taggart, Paul., Espejo, Paulina Ochoa., & Ostiguy, Pierre. (Eds.). (2017). The Oxford handbook of Populism. England: Oxford University Press
  43. Mietzner, M. (2015). Reinventing Asian Populism: Jokowi's Rise, Democracy, and Political Contestation in Indonesia. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center
  44. Mudde, Cas., & Kaltwasser, Cristobal Rovira. (2017). Populism: A very short introduction. England: Oxford University Press
  45. Rangkuti, Sundari S. (2020). Hukum Lingkungan & Kebijaksanaan Ling Nasional Ed 4. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press
  46. Tarchi, M. (2013). Populism and Political Science: How to get rid of the 'Cinderella Complex'. Di Gherghina, Sergiu., Mişcoiu, Sergiu., & Soare, Sorina. (Eds.), Contemporary Populism: a Controversial Concept and its Diverse Forms (pp.114-139). Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishings
  47. Ufen, A. (2019). Populisme: Dampak Ekonomi dan Politiknya yang Ambivalen, di Wisnu, D (Eds), Populisme, Politik Identitas dan Erosi Demokrasi di Abad Ke 21 Refleksi Dari Forum Masyarakat Sipil dan Media Bali 2018 (pp.27-34). Jakarta: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) Indonesian Representative Office
  48. Wisnu, D. (2019). Demokrasi dan Tantangannya, di Wisnu, D. (Eds), Populisme, Politik Identitas dan Erosi Demokrasi di Abad Ke 21 Refleksi Dari Forum Masyarakat Sipil dan Media Bali 2018 (pp.11-26). Jakarta: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) Indonesian Representative Office
  49. Anditya, Naomi R. (2017). Populisme Sayap Kanan di Negara - Negara Demokratis: Kembalinya Yang-Politis. Retrieved from https://hi.fisipol. ugm.ac.id/iis_brief/issue06-2017/
  50. Calland, R. (2019). Melawan Denialisme Iklim Membutuhkan Mengambil Populisme sayap kanan. Rerieved from https://id. climateimpactnews.com/politics/5510-countering-climate-denialism-requires-taking-on-right-wing-populism
  51. Tirto. (2019). Kebakaran di Hutan Amazon: Bukti Bahayanya Populisme Sayap Kanan. Retrieved from https://tirto.id/kebakaran-di-hutan-amazon-bukti-bahayanya-populisme-sayap-kanan-egRK

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.