Sintesis dan Karakterisasi Zeolit dari Abu Bagasse Sebagai Adsorben Logam Berat Cu(II)

Zeolites Synthesis and Characterization from Bagasse Ash as Cu (II) Heavy Metal Adsorbent

*Adhi Setiawan scopus  -  Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
Jihan Nabillah Hanun  -  Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
Ahmad Erlan Afiuddin  -  Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
Received: 5 Jan 2020; Revised: 5 Mar 2020; Accepted: 31 Mar 2020; Published: 31 Mar 2020; Available online: 22 Apr 2020.
Open Access
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Section: Research Article
Language: ID
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The relatively high silica content in bagasse ash can be used as raw material for making zeolite. Zeolite can be used as a heavy metal adsorbent in industrial wastewater treatment. This study aims to synthesize zeolite from bagasse ash and to apply zeolite as an adsorbent of Cu(II) in a continuous system reactor. The effects of contact time, zeolite size, and concentration of Cu(II) solution on the removal efficiency of metals have been studied in this research. The synthesis of zeolite was carried out using the hydrothermal method at 100°C for 7 hours. The synthesized zeolite was characterized using SEM-EDX, XRD, FTIR, and BET The adsorption process was carried out using a continuous reactor with a flow rate of 0.4 L/min and flowed for 60 minutes with sampling at 15-minute intervals. The zeolite size used was 100 and 200 mesh. The results of SEM-EDX analysis showed that Zeolite has an irregular morphology and contains Si at 35.15%. The XRD results show that the zeolite crystallinity is relatively low. The specific surface area of zeolite at size 100 mesh and 200 mesh were 439.48 m2 /g and 697.76 m2/g respectively. The best Cu(II) waste adsorption test results were obtained under zeolite conditions with a particle size of 200 mesh, the concentration of Cu(II) wastewater of 25 mg/L, and an operational time of 60 minutes with a removal efficiency of Cu(II) of 41.57%
Keywords: sugarcane bagasse ash, hydrothermal, zeolite

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