Techno-Economic Analysis for Bioethanol Plant with Multi Lignocellulosic Feedstocks

Penjit Srinophakun  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand
Anusith Thanapimmetha  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand
Thongchai Rohitatisha Srinophakun  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand
Pramuk Parakulsuksatid  -  Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand
Chularat Sakdaronnarong  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mahidol University Salaya, Nakorn Pathom 73170, Thailand
*Monsikan Vilaipan  -  Division of Sustainable and Resource Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand
Maythee Saisriyoot  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand
Received: 17 Apr 2020; Revised: 26 May 2020; Accepted: 30 May 2020; Published: 15 Oct 2020; Available online: 6 Jun 2020.
DOI: View
Supplement Data
Subject Supplement data for 9(3), 319-328
Type Data Set
  Download (89KB)    Indexing metadata
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 The authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Oil palm empty fruit bunch and trunk are classified as primary lignocellulosic residues from the palm oil industry. They are considered to be promising feedstocks for bioconversion into value-added products such as bioethanol. However,using these lignocellulosic materials to produce bioethanol remains a significant challenge for small and medium enterprises. Hence, techno-economic and sensitivity analyses of bioethanol plant simultaneously treating these materials were performed in this study. The information based on preliminary experimental data in batch operations wasemployed to develop a simulation of an industrial-scale semi-continuous production process. Calculations of mass balance, equipment sizes, and production cost estimation of the production plant of various capacities ranging from 10,000 L/day to 35,000 L/day were summarized. The result based on 20 years of operation indicated that the net present value of theplant of lower capacities was negative. However,thisvalue became positive when the plant operated with a higher capacity, 35,000 L/day.The highest ethanol yield, 294.84 LEtOH/tonfeedstock, was produced when the planttreated only an empty fruit bunch generating 8.94% internal rate of return and US$0.54 production cost per unit.Moreover, the higher oil palm trunk ratio in the feedstock, the lower ethanol yield contributing to the higher production cost per unit.

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Keywords: Bioethanol; Lignocellulosic; Techno-economic; Empty fruit bunch; Oil palm trunk
Funding: Thailand-China project, National Research Council of Thailand, the National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Kasetsart University Research and Development Institute (KURDI)

Article Metrics:

  1. Achinas, S., Leenders, N., Krooneman, J., & Euverink, G. J. W. (2019) Feasibility Assessment of a Bioethanol Plant in the Northern Netherlands. Applied Sciences, 9(21), 4586.
  2. Aden, A., & Foust, T. (2009). Technoeconomic analysis of the dilute sulfuric acid and enzymatic hydrolysis process for the conversion of corn stover to ethanol. Cellulose, 16(4), 535-545.
  3. Alfani, F., Gallifuoco, A., Saporosi, A., Spera, A., & Cantarella, M. (2000) Comparison of SHF and SSF processes for the bioconversion of steam-exploded wheat straw. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 25(4), 184-192.
  4. Baral, N. R., and Shah, A. (2017). Comparative techno-economic analysis of steam explosion, dilute sulfuric acid, ammonia fiber explosion and biological pretreatments of corn stover. Bioresource technology, 232, 331-343.
  5. Ballesteros, I., Oliva, J. M., Navarro, A. A., Gonzalez, A., Carrasco, J., & Ballesteros, M. (2000). Effect of chip size on steam explosion pretreatment of softwood. In Twenty-First Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals (pp. 97-110). Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
  6. Ballesteros, I., Oliva, J. M., Negro, M. J., Manzanares, P., & Ballesteros, M. (2002). Enzymic hydrolysis of steam exploded herbaceous agricultural waste (Brassica carinata) at different particle sizes. Process Biochemistry, 38(2), 187-192.
  7. Dahnum, D., Tasum, S. O., Triwahyuni, E., Nurdin, M., & Abimanyu, H. (2015) Comparison of SHF and SSF processes using enzyme and dry yeast for optimization of bioethanol production from empty fruit bunch. Energy Procedia, 68, 107-116.
  8. Diep, N. Q., Sakanishi, K., Nakagoshi, N., Fujimoto, S., & Minowa, T. (2015). Potential for rice straw ethanol production in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Renewable energy, 74, 456-463.
  9. Diopenes, R. G., and Laptaned, U. (2011) Supply Chain Management cost analysis: a case study of bio-ethanol production from cassava in Thailand. International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, 9(3), 296-314.
  10. Ebrahimiaqda, E., and Ogden, K. L. (2017) Simulation and cost analysis of distillation and purification step in production of anhydrous ethanol from sweet sorghum. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 5(8), 6854-6862.
  11. Goldthorpe, S., Aspen Simulation and Evaluation of Economic Feasibility of CO2 Capture for Gaojing Gas Fired Power Plant,ADB Technical Assistance Project. https://www.adb. org/sites/default/files/project-document/81987/45096-001-tacr-02.pdf. Accessed on 30 August 2019
  12. Huang, H. J., Ramaswamy, S., Tschirner, U. W., & Ramarao, B. V. (2008). A review of separation technologies in current and future biorefineries. Separation and purification technology, 62(1), 1-21.
  13. Kang, Q., Appels, L., Tan, T., & Dewil, R. (2014) Bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass: current findings determine research priorities. The Scientific World Journal, 2014. Article ID 298153, 1-13
  14. Kang, K. E., Jeong, J. S., Kim, Y., Min, J., & Moon, S. K. (2019). Development and economic analysis of bioethanol production facilities using lignocellulosic biomass. Journal of bioscience and bioengineering, 128(4), 475-479.
  15. KrungthaixBank.x Accessed on 20 March 2020
  16. Kunnakorn, D., Rirksomboon, T., Siemanond, K., Aungkavattana, P., Kuanchertchoo, N., Chuntanalerg, P., ... & Wongkasemjit, S. (2013). Techno-economic comparison of energy usage between azeotropic distillation and hybrid system for water-ethanol separation. Renewable energy, 51, 310-316.
  17. Le, N. L., and Chung, T. S. (2014) High-performance sulfonated polyimide/polyimide/polyhedral oligosilsesquioxane hybrid membranes for ethanol dehydration applications. Journal of Membrane Science, 454, 62-73.
  18. Nagy, E., Mizsey, P., Hancsók, J., Boldyryev, S., & Varbanov, P. (2015) Analysis of energy saving by combination of distillation and pervaporation for biofuel production. Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 98, 86-94.
  19. Negro, M. J., Manzanares, P., Ballesteros, I., Oliva, J. M., Cabañas, A., & Ballesteros, M. (2003). Hydrothermal pretreatment conditions to enhance ethanol production from poplar biomass. In Biotechnology for fuels and chemicals (pp. 87-100). Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
  20. Noorshamsiana, A. W., Nur, E., Fatiha, I., & Astimar, A. A. (2017) A review on extraction processes of lignocellulosic chemicals from oil palm biomass. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 29(4), 512-527.
  21. O'Brien, D. J., Roth, L. H., & McAloon, A. J. (2000) Ethanol production by continuous fermentation-pervaporation: a preliminary economic analysis. Journal of Membrane Science, 166(1), 105-111.
  22. Öhgren, K., Bura, R., Lesnicki, G., Saddler, J., & Zacchi, G. (2007) A comparison between simultaneous saccharification and fermentation and separate hydrolysis and fermentation using steam-pretreated corn stover. Process Biochemistry, 42(5), 834-839.
  23. Peters, M. S., & Timmerhaus, K. D. (1980). Plant design and economics for chemical engineers. 4th ed, New York : McGraw-Hill
  24. Petrides, D. (2000). Bioprocess design and economics. Bioseparations Science and Engineering, 1-83
  25. Quintero, J. A., Moncada, J., & Cardona, C. A. (2013). Techno-economic analysis of bioethanol production from lignocellulosic residues in Colombia: a process simulation approach. Bioresource technology, 139, 300-307.
  26. Quintero, J. A., Cardona, C. A., Felix, E., Moncada, J., & Higuita, J. C. (2015). Techno-economic analysis of fuel ethanol production from cassava in Africa: The case of Tanzania. African Journal of Biotechnology, 14(45), 3082-3092.
  27. Sassner, P., Galbe, M., & Zacchi, G. (2008). Techno-economic evaluation of bioethanol production from three different lignocellulosic materials. Biomass and bioenergy, 32(5), 422-430.
  28. Shahirah, M. N. N., Gimbun, J., Pang, S. F., Zakria, R. M., Cheng, C. K., Chua, G. K., & Asras, M. F. F. (2015). Influence of nutrient addition on the bioethanol yield from oil palm trunk sap fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 23, 213-217.
  29. Sutabutr, T. (2012) Alternative energy development plan: AEDP 2012-2021. Journal of Renewable Energy and Smart Grid Technology, 7(1), 1-10
  30. Suttikul, S., Srinorakutara, T., Butivate, E., & Orasoon, K. (2016) Comparison of SHF and SSF processes for ethanol production from alkali-acid pretreated sugarcane trash. Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology, 21(2), 229-235
  31. TerraBKK Research. Accessed on 1 August 2019
  32. Thailand Corporate Tax Rate. ailand/corporate-tax-rate. Accessed on 25 March 2020
  33. ThailandxTaxxDepreciationxRates.x Accessed on 3 September 2019
  34. Wingren, A., Galbe, M., & Zacchi, G. (2003). Techno‐economic evaluation of producing ethanol from softwood: Comparison of SSF and SHF and identification of bottlenecks. Biotechnology progress, 19(4), 1109-1117.
  35. Wyman, C. E., Spindler, D. D., & Grohmann, K. (1992) Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of several lignocellulosic feedstocks to fuel ethanol. Biomass and Bioenergy, 3(5), 301-307

Last update: 2021-02-26 21:22:11

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-02-26 21:22:14

No citation recorded.