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High Performance MPPT Approach for Off-Line PV System Equipped With Storage Batteries and Electrolyzer

Electrical Power Engineering Department, Hijjawi Faculty for Engineering Technology, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan

Received: 10 Nov 2020; Revised: 24 Jan 2021; Accepted: 15 Feb 2021; Available online: 25 Feb 2021; Published: 1 Aug 2021.
Editor(s): H. Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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The current publication is directed to achieve a high-performance stand-alone PV system having the capability of tracking maximum output power, providing fixed output DC voltage, and attaining efficient system utilization, under different irradiation levels. A new maximum power point tracking (MPPT) approach integrating the incremental conductance algorithm and fuzzy logic control, and enhanced with PI-controller, was proposed to track maximum power. To provide fixed output DC voltage and approaching full system utilization, the PV system is equipped with a battery bank, electrolyzer; as a dump load, and buck-boost converter, with two controllers. The results of the proposed MPPT technique; modified incremental conductance (MINC), are compared with the corresponding results of three prevalently implemented MPPT algorithms: perturbed and observed (P&O), modified variable step-size P&O (VSZ-PO) and the ordinarily incremental conductance (INC). The highest output power, best tracking efficiency and best output power response are achieved by utilizing the proposed MPPT method. The results of the output voltage response and electrolizer on/off states confirm the ability of the PV scheme to provide fixed DC voltage and attain efficient system utilization, under varying irradiances.

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Keywords: Photovoltaic; MPPT; Battery bank; Electrolyzer; Fuzzy logic.

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