skip to main content

Experimental Investigation of Bladeless Power Generator from Wind-induced Vibration

1Mechanical Engineering Department, Halu Oleo University, Kendari 93232, Indonesia

2Institute of Science and Engineering Kanazawa University, Japan

Received: 4 Jan 2022; Revised: 7 Apr 2022; Accepted: 12 Apr 2022; Available online: 25 Apr 2022; Published: 4 Aug 2022.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Abstract
The power harvester unit from flow-induced vibration (FIV) was designed to harness energy from low flow velocity based on the magnetostrictive effect on the galfenol (Fe – Ga alloy) strip induced by the oscillating bluff body. This study aimed to investigate the cross-section variation’s effect on the FIV characteristics and the magnetostrictive material’s performance for the bladeless power generator. The generator model’s vibration characteristics and performance tests were conducted in the wind tunnel test using the wind-receiving unit (WRU) variation. The results showed that the resonance reduced-velocity (Vr) were around 3.7 and 4.0 for rectangular and circular cylinders, respectively. Furthermore, the effect of rectangular depth variation on the power generation output is linear to the test models’ displacement rate and vibration frequency. The harvester’s maximum power generation was 5.25 mW, achieved using the rectangular prism with depth D = 0.4H. The power coefficient was also evaluated for different wind-receiving models. The harvester model lit up 54 LED lamps in the wind tunnel test. The voltage output is sufficient to provide electric power resources for an IoT system, sensor, and wearable or wireless devices. The harvester model successfully generated a voltage signal under the initial field test with an ambient wind velocity of 0.9 – 2.71 m/s. Therefore, this study recommends the development of bladeless power generators in the future.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Rectangular prism; Circular cylinder; Flow-induced vibration; Magnetostrictive material; Power generation; Power coefficient

Article Metrics:

  1. Abdelkefi, A., 2016. Aeroelastic energy harvesting: A review. Int. J. Eng. Sci. 100, 112–135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijengsci.2015.10.006
  2. Abdelkefi, A., Hajj, M.R., Nayfeh, A.H., 2012. Power harvesting from transverse galloping of square cylinder. Nonlinear Dyn. 70, 1355–1363. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11071-012-0538-4
  3. Ahmed, R., Mir, F., Banerjee, S., 2017. A review on energy harvesting approaches for renewable energies from ambient vibrations and acoustic waves using piezoelectricity. Smart Mater. Struct. 26, 085031. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-665x/aa7bfb
  4. Alrashdan, M.H.S., Hamzah, A.A., Majlis, B.Y., 2015. Design and optimization of cantilever based piezoelectric micro power generator for cardiac pacemaker. Microsyst. Technol. 21, 1607–1617. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-014-2334-1
  5. Ansari, M.H., Karami, M.A., 2015. Piezoelectric energy harvesting from heartbeat vibrations for leadless pacemakers. J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 660, 012121. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/660/1/012121
  6. Anton, S.R., Sodano, H.A., 2007. A review of power harvesting using piezoelectric materials (2003–2006). Smart Mater. Struct. 16, R1–R21. https://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/16/3/R01
  7. Apicella, V., Clemente, C.S., Davino, D., Leone, D., Visone, C., 2019. Magneto-mechanical optimization and analysis of a magnetostrictive cantilever beam for energy harvesting. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 475, 401–407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2018.11.076
  8. Barata,L.O.A, Kiwata, T., Kono, T., Ueno, T., 2020. Effects of Span Length and Additional Structure on Flow-Induced Transverse Vibration Characteristic of a Cantilevered Rectangular Prism. J. Flow Control. Meas. Vis. 08, 102–120. https://doi.org/10.4236/jfcmv.2020.83006
  9. Bearman, P.W., 2011. Circular cylinder wakes and vortex-induced vibrations. J. Fluids Struct. 27, 648–658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2011.03.021
  10. Bearman, P.W., 1984. VORTEX SHEDDING FROM OSCILLATING BLUFF BODIES. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 16, 195–222
  11. Bernitsas, M.M., Raghavan, K., Ben-Simon, Y., Garcia, E.M.H., 2008. VIVACE (Vortex Induced Vibration Aquatic Clean Energy): A New Concept in Generation of Clean and Renewable Energy From Fluid Flow. J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng. 130, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2957913
  12. Betz, A., 1966. Introduction to Theory of Flow Machine. Pergamon Press, Oxford
  13. Blevins, R.D., 1974. Flow induced Vibrations of Bluff Structures. California Institute of Technology
  14. Derakhshandeh, J.F., Arjomandi, M., Cazzolato, B.S., Dally, B., 2015. Harnessing hydro-kinetic energy from wake-induced vibration using virtual mass spring damper system. Ocean Eng. 108, 115–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.08.003
  15. Edward Romero-Ramirez, 2010. Energy harvesting from body motion using rotational micro- generation. Michigan Technological University
  16. Gonçalves, R.T., Rosetti, G.F., Franzini, G.R., Meneghini, J.R., Fujarraa, A.L.C., 2013. Two-degree-of-freedom vortex-induced vibration of circular cylinders with very low aspect ratio and small mass ratio. J. Fluids Struct. 39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2013.02.004
  17. Jafari, H., Ghodsi, A., Azizi, S., Ghazavi, M.R., 2017. Energy harvesting based on magnetostriction, for low frequency excitations. Energy 124, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.02.014
  18. Kiwata, T., Yamaguchi, M., Kono, T., Ueno, T., 2014. Water tunnel experiments on transverse-galloping of cantilevered rectangular and D-section prisms. J. Fluid Sci. Technol. 9, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1299/jfst.2014jfst00
  19. Liu, Cong, Zhao, Ma, 2019. Comprehensive Analysis of the Energy Harvesting Performance of a Fe-Ga Based Cantilever Harvester in Free Excitation and Base Excitation Mode. Sensors 19, 3412. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19153412
  20. Liu, H., Cong, C., Cao, C., Zhao, Q., 2020. Analysis of the Key Factors Affecting the Capability and Optimization for Magnetostrictive Iron-Gallium Alloy Ambient Vibration Harvesters. Sensors 20, 401. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20020401
  21. Matsuzaki, R., Todoroki, A., 2008. Wireless Monitoring of Automobile Tires for Intelligent Tires. Sensors 8, 8123–8138. https://doi.org/10.3390/s8128123
  22. Mitcheson, P.D., Miao, P., Stark, B.H., Yeatman, E.M., Holmes, A.S., Green, T.C., 2004. MEMS electrostatic micropower generator for low frequency operation. Sensors Actuators A Phys. 115, 523–529. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2004.04.026
  23. Mizota, T., Okajima, A., 1992. Unsteady aerodynamic forces and wakes of rectangular prisms with oscillating flaps at leading edges. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 41, 727–738. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-6105(92)90489-W
  24. Mizukami, S., Kiwata, T., Kono, T., Barata, L.O., Ueno, T., 2017. Transverse Vibration Characteristics of a Rectangular Prism with Small Side Ratio and Flow Field around the Prism:- Effect of Having and not Having an End of the Prism (In Japanese). Proc. Mech. Eng. Congr. Japan 2017S05205, 1–6. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1299/jsmemecj.2017.S0520506
  25. Mohammadi, S., Esfandiari, A., 2015. Magnetostrictive vibration energy harvesting using strain energy method. Energy 81, 519–525. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2014.12.065
  26. Mohanty, A., Parida, S., Behera, R.K., Roy, T., 2019. Vibration energy harvesting: A review. J. Adv. Dielectr. 09, 1930001. https://doi.org/10.1142/S2010135X19300019
  27. Nakaguchi, H., Hashimoto K., & Muto, S. (1968). An Experimental Study on Aerodynamic Drag of Rectangular Cylinders. The Journal of the Japan Society of Aeronautical Engineering, 16(168), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.2322/jjsass1953.16.1
  28. Nakamura, Y., Hirata, K., 1989. Critical geometry of oscillating bluff bodies. J. Fluid Mech. 208, 375–393. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022112089002879
  29. Nakamura, Y., Hirata, K., 1991. Pressure fluctuations on oscillating rectangular cylinders with the long side normal to the flow. J. Fluids Struct. 5, 165–183. https://doi.org/10.1016/0889-9746(91)90460-7
  30. Nakamura, Y., Matsukawa, T., 1987. Vortex excitation of rectangular cylinders with a long side normal to the flow. J. Fluid Mech. 180, 171. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022112087001770
  31. Narita, F., Fox, M., 2018. A Review on Piezoelectric, Magnetostrictive, and Magnetoelectric Materials and Device Technologies for Energy Harvesting Applications. Adv. Eng. Mater. 20, 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1002/adem.201700743
  32. Ohya, Y., 1994. Note on a discontinuous change in wake pattern for a rectangular cylinder. J. Fluids Struct. 8, 325–330
  33. Okajima, A., Kiwata, T., 2019. Flow-Induced Stream-Wise Vibration of Circular Cylinders. J. Flow Control. Meas. & Vis. 07, 133–151. https://doi.org/10.4236/jfcmv.2019.73011
  34. Okajima, A., Matsumoto, T., Kimura, S., 2000. Flow characteristics of a rectangular cylinder with a cross-section of various width/height ratios submerged in oscillatory flow. JSME Int. J. Ser. B-Fluids Therm. Eng. 43, 329–338
  35. Okajima,A., Kimura,S., Katayama,T., Ohtsuyama,S. and Ojima,A., (1998). Fluid-dynamic characteristics of a rectangular cylinder with various width-to-ratios in wide range of Reynolds number. Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol.44A, pp.971-977 (in Japanese)
  36. Ordoñez, O., & Duke, A. R. (2021). Wind Resource Assessment : Analysis of the Vortex Bladeless Characteristics in Puerto Cortés , Honduras Wind Resource Assessment : Analysis of the Vortex Bladeless Characteristics in Puerto Corté s , Honduras, 801(2021), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/801/1/012019
  37. Orrego, S., Shoele, K., Ruas, A., Doran, K., Caggiano, B., Mittal, R., & Hoon, S. (2017). Harvesting ambient wind energy with an inverted piezoelectric flag. Applied Energy, 194, 212–222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.03.016
  38. Palau-Salvador, G., Stoesser, T., Fröhlich, J., Kappler, M., Rodi, W., 2010. Large eddy simulations and experiments of flow around finite-height cylinders, Flow, Turbulence and Combustion. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10494-009-9232-0
  39. Poloni, T., Lu, J., 2017. An Indirect Tire Health Monitoring System Using On-board Motion Sensors. SAE Tech. Pap. 2017-March. https://doi.org/10.4271/2017-01-1626
  40. Rostamy, N., Sumner, D., Bergstrom, D.J., Bugg, J.D., 2012. Local flow field of a surface-mounted finite circular cylinder. J. Fluids Struct. 34, 105–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2012.04.014
  41. Sakamoto, H., 1985. Aerodynamic forces acting on a rectangular prism placed vertically in a turbulent boundary layer. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 18, 131–151. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-6105(85)90093-5
  42. Sumner, D., Rostamy, N., Bergstrom, D.J., Bugg, J.D., 2017. Influence of aspect ratio on the mean flow field of a surface-mounted finite-height square prism. Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow 65, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.IJHEATFLUIDFLOW.2017.02.004
  43. Ueno, T., Yamada, S., 2011. Performance of energy harvester using iron-gallium alloy in free vibration. IEEE Trans. Magn. 47, 2407–2409. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMAG.2011.2158303
  44. Wang, J., Gu, S., Zhang, C., Hu, G., Chen, G., Yang, K., Li, H., Lai, Y., Litak, G., Yurchenko, D., 2020. Hybrid wind energy scavenging by coupling vortex-induced vibrations and galloping. Energy Convers. Manag. 213, 112835. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2020.112835
  45. Wang, L., Yuan, F.G., 2008. Vibration energy harvesting by magnetostrictive material. Smart Mater. Struct. 17. https://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/17/4/045009
  46. Wang, H.F., Zhou, Y., 2009. The finite-length square cylinder near wake. J. Fluid Mech. 638, 453–490. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022112009990693
  47. Williamson, C.H.K., Govardhan, R., 2004. Vortex-Induced Vibrations. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 36, 413–455. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.fluid.36.050802.122128
  48. Yan, B., Zhang, C., Li, L., 2018. Magnetostrictive energy generator for harvesting the rotation of human knee joint. AIP Adv. 8, 056730. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5007195
  49. Zdravkovich, M.M., 1981. Review and classification of various aerodynamic and hydrodynamic means for suppressing vortex shedding. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 7, 145–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-6105(81)90036-2
  50. Zhong, W., Deng, L., Xiao, Z., 2019. Flow past a rectangular cylinder close to a free surface. Ocean Eng. 186, 106118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2019.106118

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-02-29 20:27:12

No citation recorded.