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Short Term Solar Irradiation Forecasting using CEEMDAN Decomposition Based BiLSTM Model Optimized by Genetic Algorithm Approach

1Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana-Ambala, India

2Guru Jambheshwar University of science and Technology, Hisar, India

Received: 20 Feb 2022; Revised: 24 Apr 2022; Accepted: 28 Apr 2022; Available online: 5 May 2022; Published: 4 Aug 2022.
Editor(s): H. Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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An accurate short-term solar irradiation forecasting is requiredregarding smart grid stability and to conduct bilateral contract negotiations between suppliers and customers. Traditional machine learning models are unable to acquire and to rectify nonlinear properties from solar datasets, which  not only complicate  model formation but also lower prediction accuracy. The present research paper develops a deep learningbased architecture with a predictive analytic technique to address these difficulties. Using a sophisticated signal decomposition technique, the original solar irradiation sequences are decomposed  into multiple intrinsic mode functions to build a prospective feature set. Then, using an iteration strategy, a potential range of frequency associated to the deep learning model is generated. This method is  developed utilizing a linked algorithm and a deep learning network. In comparison with conventional models, the suggested model utilizes sequences generated through preprocessing methods, significantly improving prediction accuracywhen  confronted with a high resolution dataset created from a big dataset.On the other hand, the chosen dataset not only performs a massive data reduction, but also improves forecasting accuracy by up to 20.74 percent across a range of evaluation measures. The proposed model achieves lowest annual average RMSE (1.45W/m2), MAPE (2.23%) and MAE (1.34W/m2) among the other developed models for 1-hr ahead solar GHI, respectively, whereas forecast-skill obtained by the proposed model is 59% with respect to benchmark model. As a result, the proposed method might be used to predict short-term solar irradiation with greater accuracy using a solar dataset

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Keywords: Solar Irradiation; CEEMDAN; Genetic Algorithm; BiLSTM; Evaluation Metrics

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