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Effect of Sodium Periodate on the Adsorption Capacity of Silica-Lignin from Rice Husk on Chromium(VI)

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Received: 6 Aug 2019; Revised: 15 Oct 2019; Accepted: 17 Oct 2019; Available online: 30 Nov 2019; Published: 30 Nov 2019.
Open Access Copyright 2019 Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

Reactive groups such as silanol, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups in silica-lignin composites play a role in binding to chromium(VI) ions. The activation of functional groups in silica-lignin can be increased by the addition of an activator such as sodium periodate, which can also oxidize the lignin monomer (guaiasil) to ortho-quinone. This study aimed to obtain silica-lignin composites from rice husks activated by sodium periodate with a high surface area. Composite absorption was tested on chromium(VI) adsorption. Silica-lignin isolation was carried out by using the sol-gel method at concentrations of sodium hydroxide 5, 10, 15, and 20% (b/b). Silica-lignin activated with sodium periodate 10% (b/b) had the smallest particle size of about 8μm, with a surface area of 14.0888 m2.g-1 and followed Halsey isotherm adsorption model, with an adsorption capacity of 0.3054 mg.g-1.

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Keywords: Adsorption; Chromium(VI); Halsey equation; Rice husk; Silica-lignin activation.
Funding: DRPMI Unpad through the Fundamental Grant Program for financial support, no contract 2373/UN6.D/KS/2018

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