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Reconceptualizing Legal Arrangement on the Doctor-Patient Relationship in Indonesia

*Hargianti Dini Iswandari  -  Department of Medical Informatics, Universitas Widya Husada Semarang, Indonesia
Sanjana Hoque  -  School of Law, Chittagong Independent University, Bangladesh
Open Access Copyright 2022 LAW REFORM under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

The doctor-patient relationship in Indonesia has changed. In the past, patients were inferior to doctors, but over time the relationship has put the two in a more balanced position. This article aims to examine the legal substance in regulating doctor-patient relationships in Indonesia. The arguments presented in this study demonstrated the increase in the number of civil lawsuits or complaints/criminal lawsuits has a substantial impact on legal resolution shifting. Although the law placed the legal relationship among two parties as mere contract-civil relationship, the criminalization is increasingly favored in recent years. As a recommendation, future law-making process needs to comprehensively consider medical science as the basis to lay the legal foundation in regulating doctor-patient relationships.

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Keywords: Medical Service; Health Law; Patient-Doctor Relationship; Malpractice.

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