skip to main content

Life Cycle Assessment to Compare the Environmental of Food Waste Management System in Semarang City

*Syahrul Al Qadar  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Mochamad Arief Budihardjo  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Ika Bagus Priyambada  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Citation Format:

1.3 billion tons of the food produced for human consumption is wasted in the food supply chain as a result of a number of issues. A high proportion of food waste occurs during consumption, primarily influenced by consumer behavior. In Semarang City, Black Soldier Fly, incineration, and composting are alternatives to food waste management. This research aims to analyze alternative food waste management methods that yield reusable resources and materials because currently unknown which method has the smallest environmental impact. Life Cycle Assessment method can be used to examine the environmental impact of the food waste management system from every phase 1 ton food waste analyze. BSF has proven superior to composting, incineration and landfilling methods in analyzes of potential environmental impacts that reduce 90% environmental impact. Landfills cover a large area and the effect of global warming is significant until of 1.704E+03 CO2-eq, this issue needs more attention in the management of the generated CH4. Incineration needs to make advances in the method such as producing new resources and emissions so that can be reused because incineration impact eutrophication potential until 2.438E+00 . For reasons environmental concerns, efficient food waste management is crucial to realizing the Sustainable Development Goals.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Food waste; life cycle assessment; semarang; sustainable development goals

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Regional Case Study
Language : EN
  1. Ambaye, T.G., Rene, E.R., Nizami, A.-S., Dupont, C., Vaccari, M., van Hullebusch, E.D. 2021. Beneficial role of biochar addition on the anaerobic digestion of food waste: A systematic and critical review of the operational parameters and mechanisms. Journal of Environmental Management, 290, 112537
  2. Babbitt, C.W., Babbitt, G.A., Oehman, J.M. 2021. Behavioral impacts on residential food provisioning, use, and waste during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 28, 315-325
  3. Budihardjo, M.A., Priyambada, I.B., Chegenizadeh, A., Al Qadar, S., Puspita, A.S. 2023. Environmental impact technology for life cycle assessment in municipal solid waste management. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 9(Special Issue (Eco-Friendly Sustainable Management)), 145-172
  4. Budihardjo, M.A., Yuliastuti, N., Ramadan, B.S. 2021. Assessment of greenhouse gases emission from integrated solid waste management in semarang city, central java, indonesia. Joint Journal of Novel Carbon Resource Sciences & Green Asia Strategy, 08(1), 23-35
  5. Burchart, D., Gazda-Grzywacz, M., Grzywacz, P., Burmistrz, P., Zarębska, K. 2023. Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production from Coal Gasification as an Alternative Transport Fuel. Energies, 16(1), 383
  6. Chaerani, D., Shuib, A., Perdana, T., Irmansyah, A.Z. 2023. Systematic Literature Review on Robust Optimization in Solving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Problems during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sustainability, 15(7), 5654
  7. Chandan, A., John, M., Potdar, V. 2023. Achieving UN SDGs in Food Supply Chain Using Blockchain Technology. Sustainability, 15(3), 2109
  8. Chen, J., Gao, G., Zhang, W., Zhao, Z., Penuelas, J. 2023. The Present and Future Role of Rice‐Animal Co‐Culture Systems in Meeting Sustainable Development Goals. Earth and Space Science, 10(8), e2023EA003050
  9. Cho, S., Park, C., Lee, J., Lyu, B., Moon, I. 2020. Finding the best operating condition in a novel process for explosive waste incineration using fluidized bed reactors. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 142, 107054
  10. Costa, F.H.d.O., de Moraes, C.C., da Silva, A.L., Delai, I., Chaudhuri, A., Pereira, C.R. 2022. Does resilience reduce food waste? Analysis of Brazilian supplier-retailer dyad. Journal of Cleaner Production, 338, 130488
  11. Dalke, R., Demro, D., Khalid, Y., Wu, H., Urgun-Demirtas, M. 2021. Current status of anaerobic digestion of food waste in the United States. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 151, 111554
  12. Farghali, M., Osman, A.I., Umetsu, K., Rooney, D.W. 2022. Integration of biogas systems into a carbon zero and hydrogen economy: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 20(5), 2853-2927
  13. Ilango, D.P.R., Ilango, V., Sridharan, K. 2023. Chapter 18 - Significance of artificial intelligence to develop mitigation strategies against climate change in accordance with sustainable development goal (climate action). in: Visualization Techniques for Climate Change with Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, (Eds.) A. Srivastav, Dubey, A., Kumar, A., Kumar Narang, S., Ali Khan, M., Elsevier, pp. 377-399
  14. Ishangulyyev, R., Kim, S., Lee, S.H. 2019. Understanding food loss and waste—why are we losing and wasting food? Foods, 8(8), 297
  15. ISO. 2016a. Environmental Management. Life Cycle Assessment Principles and Framework. International Standard International Organization for Standardization
  16. ISO. 2016b. Environmental Management. Life Cycle Assessment Requirements and Guidlines. International Standard International Organization for Standardization
  17. Kastrinos, N., Weber, K.M. 2020. Sustainable development goals in the research and innovation policy of the European Union. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 157, 120056
  18. Kumar, A., Bhardwaj, S., Samadder, S.R. 2023. Evaluation of methane generation rate and energy recovery potential of municipal solid waste using anaerobic digestion and landfilling: A case study of Dhanbad, India. Waste Management and Research, 41(2), 407-417
  19. Kumar, A., Padhy, S.R., Das, R.R., Shahid, M., Dash, P.K., Senapati, A., Panneerselvam, P., Kumar, U., Chatterjee, D., Adak, T., Tripathi, R., Nayak, P.K., Nayak, A.K. 2021. Elucidating relationship between nitrous oxide emission and functional soil microbes from tropical lowland rice soil exposed to elevated CO2: A path modelling approach. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 308, 107268
  20. Kumar, D., Choudhuri, S., Shandilya, A.K., Singh, R., Tyagi, P., Singh, A.K. 2022. Food Waste & Sustainability Through A Lens of Bibliometric Review: A Step Towards Achieving SDG 2030. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. pp. 185-192
  21. Lai, F., Beylot, A. 2023. Loss of mineral resource value in LCA: application of the JRC-LCI method to multiple case studies combined with inaccessibility and value-based impact assessment. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 28(1), 38-52
  22. Larki, I., Zahedi, A., Asadi, M., Forootan, M.M., Farajollahi, M., Ahmadi, R., Ahmadi, A. 2023. Mitigation approaches and techniques for combustion power plants flue gas emissions: A comprehensive review. Science of The Total Environment, 903, 166108
  23. Leal Filho, W., Ribeiro, P.C.C., Setti, A.F.F., Azam, F.M.S., Abubakar, I.R., Castillo-Apraiz, J., Tamayo, U., Özuyar, P.G., Frizzo, K., Borsari, B. 2023. Toward food waste reduction at universities. Environment, Development and Sustainability
  24. Lombardi, M., Costantino, M. 2021. A Hierarchical Pyramid for Food Waste Based on a Social Innovation Perspective. Sustainability, 13(9), 4661
  25. Lombardi, M., Rana, R., Fellner, J. 2021. Material flow analysis and sustainability of the Italian plastic packaging management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 287, 125573
  26. Mertenat, A., Diener, S., Zurbrügg, C. 2019. Black Soldier Fly biowaste treatment–Assessment of global warming potential. Waste management, 84, 173-181
  27. Mesterházy, Á., Oláh, J., Popp, J. 2020. Losses in the Grain Supply Chain: Causes and Solutions. Sustainability, 12(6), 2342
  28. Mor, S., Ravindra, K. 2023. Municipal solid waste landfills in lower- and middle-income countries: Environmental impacts, challenges and sustainable management practices. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 174, 510-530
  29. Nofiyanto, E., Soeprobowati, T., Izzati, M. 2019. Fikoremediasi Kualitas Lindi TPA Jatibarang Terhadap Efektifitas Lemna minor dan Ipomoea aquatica. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 17(1), 107-112
  30. Nunes, L.J.R., Meireles, C.I.R., Pinto Gomes, C.J., Almeida Ribeiro, N.M.C. 2020. Forest Contribution to Climate Change Mitigation: Management Oriented to Carbon Capture and Storage. Climate, 8(2), 21
  31. Omolayo, Y., Feingold, B.J., Neff, R.A., Romeiko, X.X. 2021. Life cycle assessment of food loss and waste in the food supply chain. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 164, 105119
  32. Onyeaka, H., Tamasiga, P., Nwauzoma, U.M., Miri, T., Juliet, U.C., Nwaiwu, O., Akinsemolu, A.A. 2023. Using Artificial Intelligence to Tackle Food Waste and Enhance the Circular Economy: Maximising Resource Efficiency and Minimising Environmental Impact: A Review. Sustainability, 15(13), 10482
  33. Ouedraogo, A.S., Frazier, R.S., Kumar, A. 2021. Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Gasification and Landfilling for Disposal of Municipal Solid Wastes. Energies, 14(21), 7032
  34. Recycled Organics Unit, T.U.o.N.S.W. 2006. Life Cycle Inventory and Life Cycle Assessment for Windrow Composting Systems
  35. Ryen, E.G., Babbitt, C.W. 2022. The role of U.S. policy in advancing circular economy solutions for wasted food. Journal of Cleaner Production, 369, 133200
  36. Sharma, H.B., Vanapalli, K.R., Samal, B., Cheela, V.R.S., Dubey, B.K., Bhattacharya, J. 2021. Circular economy approach in solid waste management system to achieve UN-SDGs: Solutions for post-COVID recovery. Science of The Total Environment, 800, 149605
  37. Sharma, N., Goel, P., Nunkoo, R., Sharma, A., Rana, N.P. 2023. Food waste avoidance behavior: How different are generation Z travelers? Journal of Sustainable Tourism
  38. Shelyapina, M.G., Rodríguez-Iznaga, I., Petranovskii, V. 2020. Materials for CO2, SOx, and NOx Emission Reduction. in: Handbook of Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications, (Eds.) O.V. Kharissova, Martínez, L.M.T., Kharisov, B.I., Springer International Publishing. Cham, pp. 1-30
  39. Simons, S., Kinjawadekar, A., Kinjawadekar, T.A. 2023. Assessing the impacts of ecological framework of Indian riverfront revitalization projects. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1-31
  40. Slorach, P.C., Jeswani, H.K., Cuéllar-Franca, R., Azapagic, A. 2019. Environmental and economic implications of recovering resources from food waste in a circular economy. Science of the Total Environment, 693, 133516
  41. Stott, L., Murphy, D.F. 2020. An inclusive approach to partnerships for the SDGs: Using a relationship lens to explore the potential for transformational collaboration. Sustainability, 12(19), 7905
  42. Syafrudin, Priyambada, I.B., Budihardjo, M.A., Al Qadar, S., Puspita, A.S. 2023. Bibliometric analysis for sustainable food waste using multicriteria decision. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management
  43. Szczęśniak, S., Stefaniak, Ł. 2022. Global Warming Potential of New Gaseous Refrigerants Used in Chillers in HVAC Systems. Energies, 15(16), 5999
  44. Wahyono, Y., Hadiyanto, H., Gheewala, S.H., Budihardjo, M.A., Adiansyah, J.S. 2022. Evaluating the environmental impacts of the multi-feedstock biodiesel production process in Indonesia using life cycle assessment (LCA). Energy Conversion and Management, 266, 115832
  45. Whelan, M.J., Linstead, C., Worrall, F., Ormerod, S.J., Durance, I., Johnson, A.C., Johnson, D., Owen, M., Wiik, E., Howden, N.J.K., Burt, T.P., Boxall, A., Brown, C.D., Oliver, D.M., Tickner, D. 2022. Is water quality in British rivers “better than at any time since the end of the Industrial Revolution”? Science of The Total Environment, 843, 157014
  46. Yadav, D.S., Jaiswal, B., Gautam, M., Agrawal, M. 2020. Soil Acidification and its Impact on Plants. in: Plant Responses to Soil Pollution, (Eds.) P. Singh, Singh, S.K., Prasad, S.M., Springer Singapore. Singapore, pp. 1-26
  47. Yadav, P., Samadder, S.R. 2018. A critical review of the life cycle assessment studies on solid waste management in Asian countries. Journal of Cleaner Production, 185, 492-515
  48. Zhang, L., Xu, Y.J., Ma, B., Jiang, P., Li, S. 2023. Intense methane diffusive emissions in eutrophic urban lakes, Central China. Environmental Research, 237, 117073
  49. Zieger, V., Lecompte, T., Hellouin de Menibus, A. 2020. Impact of GHGs temporal dynamics on the GWP assessment of building materials: A case study on bio-based and non-bio-based walls. Building and Environment, 185, 107210

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-06-13 23:12:24

No citation recorded.