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Incorporating Inhibition Effects and Hydrolysis Biokinetics into the Mathematical Model of Anaerobic Fermentation

*Allen Kurniawan orcid scopus publons  -  Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
Yanuar Chandra Wirasembada orcid scopus  -  Sejong University, South Korea
Mark L. Sibag orcid scopus  -  Batangas State University-Alangilan, Philippines
Erizal Erizal scopus  -  Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
Chusnul Arif orcid scopus  -  Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia

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Abstract

Anaerobic digestion is a well-known biological treatment process. It uses less energy, consumes fewer nutrients, converts organic pollutants into methane gas, and produces a small quantity of biomass. The interactions among the various microbes in this complex biological system need to be better understood, and as a consequence, mathematical models need to be revised. This review discusses the principles of biokinetic models published in the literature on anaerobic fermentation as part of the anaerobic digestion process for waste-activated sludge. Biokinetic models for anaerobic fermentation have been developed to predict cell growth, substrate consumption, and gas production. This exploration delves into the incorporation of the hydrolysis stage, a multi-step process entailing the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids within existing biokinetic models. Because there is no single analytical method for accurately determining the biokinetics of anaerobic fermentation of waste-activated sludge incorporating hydrolysis parameters and inhibition effects are proposed to improve the estimated trends of process variables as a function of the design variables.

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Keywords: Anaerobic fermentation; biokinetic; hydrolysis; inhibition; model

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Section: Review Article
Language : EN
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