skip to main content

Environmental Sustainability Goal and the Effect of Resources Extrication: A "Give and Take Perspective”

1Department of Tourism Guidance, Istanbul Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey

2Department of Economics and Finance, Istanbul Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey

Received: 14 Apr 2022; Revised: 5 Aug 2022; Accepted: 18 Aug 2022; Available online: 26 Aug 2022; Published: 1 Nov 2022.
Editor(s): H. Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Environmental sustainability is one of the vast research areas in the globe. Most industries are not left out in the quest for a sustainable environment including the hotel industry. Also, customers look for environmental friendly hotel to patronize. With this vast knowledge, the current study takes into account the relationship between green training and green employee involvement, with the mediating effect of perceived behavioural control. The sample of 306 was collected from 4 and 5-star hotel in Turkey in 2020. The study assessed the data with AMOS 20 to hypothesize the relationship between the variables. Findings confirmed that there is a positive impact of green training on perceived behavioural control, organizational citizenship behaviour towards the environment and green employee involvement. In addition, results also validated the positive effect of perceived behavioural control on organizational citizenship behaviour and green employee involvement. It contributes significantly to the ongoing research in the field of green training in the hotel industry in Turkey. These outcomes are supportive to Turkey’s hotel industry green management and employee behavioural actions to the environment.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: green training, perception of behavioral control, green employee involvement, organizational citizenship behavior of the environment

Article Metrics:

  1. Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behaviour. In Action control (pp. 11-39). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-69746-3_2
  2. Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behaviour. Organizational behaviour and human decision processes, 50(2), 179-211. 10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T
  3. Ajzen, I. (2001). Nature and operation of attitudes. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 27-58. 10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.27
  4. Aktar, A. & Pangil F. (2017), The Relationship between Employee Engagement, HRM practices, and Perceived Organizational Support: Evidence from Banking Employees. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 7(3). https://doi: 10.5296/ijhrs.v7i3.1135
  5. Alkhateri, A.S., Khalifa, G.S.A. & Abuelhassan, A.E. (2019). Antecedents for Job Satisfaction in Ras-AlKhaimah, Schools: Evidence from UAE. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 14(15), 5097-5110.
  6. Alola, A. A. (2019). Carbon emissions and the trilemma of trade policy, migration policy, and health care in the US. Carbon Management, 10(2), 209-218.
  7. Alola, U. V., Olugbade, O. A., Avci, T., & Öztüren, A. (2019). Customer incivility and employees' outcomes in the hotel: Testing the mediating role of emotional exhaustion. Tourism Management Perspectives, 29, 9-17.
  8. Alola, U., Avci, T., & Ozturen, A. (2018). Organization Sustainability through Human Resource Capital: The Impacts of Supervisor Incivility and Self-Efficacy. Sustainability, 10(8), 2610. su10082610
  9. Anwar, N., Mahmood, N. H. N., Yusliza, M. Y., Ramayah, T., Faezah, J. N., & Khalid, W. (2020). Green Human Resource Management for organizational citizenship behaviour towards the environment and environmental performance on a university campus. Journal of Cleaner Production, 256, 120401.
  10. Arulrajah, A. A. (2015). Contribution of human resource management in creating and sustaining ethical climate in the Organizations. Sri Lankan Journal of Human Resource Management, 5(1).
  11. Baker, R. P. (2016). Examining Leadership Style and Employee Engagement in Organizational Citizenship Behaviours Toward the Ecological Environment. Northcentral University
  12. Bandura, A., & Walters, R. H. (1977). Social learning theory (Vol. 1). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-hall
  13. Becker, B. E., & Huselid, M. A. (2006). Strategic human resources management: where do we go from here? Journal of Management, 32(6), 898-925.
  14. Bentler, P. M., & Bonett, D. G. (1980). Significance tests and goodness of fit in the analysis of covariance structures. Psychological bulletin, 88(3), 588.
  15. Berry, M. A., & Rondinelli, D. A. (1998). Proactive corporate environmental management: A new industrial revolution. Academy of Management Perspectives, 12(2), 38-50.
  16. Bohdanowicz, P. (2005). European hoteliers’ environmental attitudes: Greening the business. Cornell hotel and restaurant administration quarterly, 46(2), 188-204.
  17. Boiral, O. (2009). Greening the corporation through organizational citizenship behaviours. Journal of Business Ethics, 87(2), 221-236.
  18. Bornstein, M. H., Jager, J., & Putnick, D. L. (2013). Sampling in developmental science: Situations, shortcomings, solutions, and standards. Developmental Review, 33(4), 357-370.
  19. Buckley, R. (2012). Sustainable tourism: Research and reality. Annals of tourism research, 39(2), 528-546.
  20. Chan, E. S., & Hawkins, R. (2010). Attitude towards EMSs in an international hotel: An exploratory case study. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 29(4), 641-651.
  21. Chan, E. S., Hon, A. H., Chan, W., & Okumus, F. (2014). What drives employees' intentions to implement green practices in hotels? The role of knowledge, awareness, concern, and ecological behaviour. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 40,20-28.
  22. Chen, J., Zhao, A., Zhao, Q., Song, M., Baležentis, T., & Streimikiene, D. (2018). Estimation and factor decomposition of carbon emissions in China’s tourism sector. Problemy Ekorozwoju, 13(2)
  23. Chen, L. F. (2019). Green certification, e-commerce, and low-carbon economy for international tourist hotels. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 1-9.
  24. Chen, Y. S., & Chang, C. H. (2013). Enhance environmental commitments and green intangible assets toward green competitive advantages: an analysis of structural equation modeling (SEM). Quality & Quantity, 47(1), 529-543. DOI 10.1007/s11135-011-9535-9
  25. Chen, Y. S., Lai, S. B., & Wen, C. T. (2006). The influence of green innovation performance on corporate advantage in Taiwan. Journal of business ethics, 67(4), 331-339. DOI 10.1007/s10551-006-9025-5
  26. Clark, O. L., Zickar, M. J., & Jex, S. M. (2014). Role definition as a moderator of the relationship between safety climate and organizational citizenship behaviour among hospital nurses. Journal of Business and Psychology, 29(1), 101-110.
  27. Cop, S., Alola, U. V., & Alola, A. A. (2020). Perceived behavioural control as a mediator of hotels' green training, environmental commitment, and organizational citizenship behaviour: A sustainable environmental practice. Business Strategy and the Environment, 29(8), 3495-3508.
  28. Çop, S., Olorunsola, V. O., & Alola, U. V. (2021). Achieving environmental sustainability through green transformational leadership policy: Can green team resilience help?. Business Strategy and the Environment, 30(1), 671-682.
  29. Cordano, M., & Frieze, I. H. (2000). Pollution reduction preferences of US environmental managers: Applying Ajzen's theory of planned behaviour. Academy of Management journal, 43(4), 627-641.
  30. Danish HST, Baloch MA, Mahmood N, Zhang JW. 2019. Linking economic growth and ecological footprint through human capital and biocapacity. Sustain Cities Soc. 47:101516. doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2019.101516
  31. Danish UR, Khan SUD. 2020. Determinants of the ecological footprint: role of renewable energy, natural resources, and urbanization. Sustain Cities Soc. 54:101996. doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2019.101996
  32. del Brío, J. Á., Fernandez, E., & Junquera, B. (2007). Management and employee involvement in achieving an environmental action-based competitive advantage: an empirical study. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18(4), 491-522.
  33. del-Río, J., Lorente, J. and Moreno, E. (2012), High-involvement work practices and environmental capabilities: how HIWPS create environmentally based sustainable competitive advantages, Human Resource Management, 51(6), 827-850.
  34. Doppelt, B. (2017). Leading change toward sustainability: A change-management guide for business, government and civil society. Routledge. ISBN: 1351278940, 9781351278942
  35. Dumont, J., Shen, J., & Deng, X. (2017). Effects of green HRM practices on employee workplace green behaviour: The role of psychological green climate and employee green values. Human Resource Management, 56(4), 613-627.
  36. Erdogan, N., & Baris, E. (2007). Environmental protection programs and conservation practices of hotels in Ankara, Turkey. Tourism Management, 28(2),604-614.
  37. Esteban-Lloret, N.N., Aragón-Sánchez, A. & CarrascoHernández, A. (2018). Determinants of Employee Training: Impact on Organizational Legitimacy and Organizational Performance. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 29(6), 1208-1229.
  38. Felstead, A., Gallie, D., Green, F., & Zhou, Y. (2010). Employee involvement, the quality of training and the learning environment: an individual level analysis. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21(10), 1667-1688.
  39. Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics.
  40. G20 Japan (2019). (Accessed 29 September 2019)
  41. Gao, Y. L., Mattila, A. S., & Lee, S. (2016). A meta-analysis of behavioural intentions for environment-friendly initiatives in hospitality research. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 54, 107-115.
  42. García, G. A., Gonzales-Miranda, D. R., Gallo, O., & Roman-Calderon, J. P. (2019). Employee involvement and job satisfaction: a tale of the millennial generation. Employee Relations, 41(3), 374-388.
  43. Goh, E., Ritchie, B., & Wang, J. (2017). Non-compliance in national parks: An extension of the theory of planned behaviour model with pro-environmental values. Tourism Management, 59, 123-127.
  44. Green Hotel Association. (2017). What are green hotels? Retrieved from
  45. Gürlek, M., & Tuna, M. (2018). Reinforcing competitive advantage through green organizational culture and green innovation. The service industries journal, 38(7-8), 467-491.
  46. Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (1998). Multivariate Data Analysis Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, NJ, 730
  47. Han, H. (2015). Travelers' pro-environmental behaviour in a green lodging context: Converging value-belief-norm theory and the theory of planned behaviour. Tourism Management, 47, 164-177.
  48. Han, H., Meng, B., & Kim, W. (2017). Emerging bicycle tourism and the theory of planned behaviour. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(2), 292-309.
  49. Hart, S. L. (1997). Beyond greening: strategies for a sustainable world. Harvard business review, 75(1), 66-77
  50. Hau, Y. S., & Kang, M. (2016). Extending lead user theory to users’ innovation-related knowledge sharing in the online user community: The mediating roles of social capital and perceived behavioural control. International Journal of Information Management, 36(4), 520-530.
  51. Hayes, A. F., & Scharkow, M. (2013). The relative trustworthiness of inferential tests of the indirect effect in statistical mediation analysis: Does method really matter?. Psychological science, 24(10),1918-1927.
  52. Hoogendoorn, G., & Fitchett, J. M. (2018). Tourism and climate change: A review of threats and adaptation strategies for Africa. Current Issues in Tourism, 21(7), 742-759.
  53. Hsu, C. H., & Huang, S. (2012). An extension of the theory of planned behaviour model for tourists. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 36(3), 390-417.
  54. Hur, W. M., Shin, Y., Rhee, S. Y., & Kim, H. (2017). Organizational virtuousness perceptions and task crafting: The mediating roles of organizational identification and work engagement. Career Development International, 22(4), 436-459.
  55. Iraldo, F., Facheris, C., & Nucci, B. (2017). Is product durability better for environment and for economic efficiency? A comparative assessment applying LCA and LCC to two energy-intensive products. Journal of cleaner production, 140, 1353-1364.
  56. Jabbour, C.J.C. (2011), How green are HRM practices, organizational culture, learning and teamwork? A Brazilian study, Industrial and Commercial Training, Vol. 43 No. 2, pp. 98-105
  57. Jackson, S. E., Renwick, D. W., Jabbour, C. J., & Muller-Camen, M. (2011). State-of-the-art and future directions for green human resource management: Introduction to the special issue. German Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(2), 99-116.
  58. Johe, M. H., & Bhullar, N. (2016). To buy or not to buy: The roles of self-identity, attitudes, perceived behavioural control and norms in organic consumerism. Ecological Economics, 128, 99-105.
  59. Jones, P., Hillier, D., & Comfort, D. (2014). Sustainability in the global hotel industry. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 26(1), 5-17.
  60. Katou, A. A. (2015). Transformational leadership and Organizational performance: Three serially mediating mechanisms. Employee Relations, 37(3), 329-353.
  61. Kazemipour, F., Mohamad Amin, S., & Pourseidi, B. (2012). Relationship between workplace spirituality and organizational citizenship behaviour among nurses through mediation of affective organizational commitment. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 44(3), 302-310.
  62. Kim, Y. J., Kim, W. G., Choi, H. M., & Phetvaroon, K. (2019). The effect of green human resource management on hotel employees’ eco-friendly behaviour and environmental performance. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 76,83-93.
  63. Kim, Y. J., Njite, D., & Hancer, M. (2013). Anticipated emotion in consumers’ intentions to select eco-friendly restaurants: Augmenting the theory of planned behaviour. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 34, 255-262.
  64. Kissi, E., Asare, O. A., Agyekum, K., Yamoah Agyemang, D., & Labaran, M. (2019). Ascertaining the interaction effects among Organisational citizenship behaviour, work overload and employees’ performance in the Ghanaian construction industry. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management.
  65. Klein, L. R. (1998). Evaluating the potential of interactive media through a new lens: Search versus experience goods. Journal of business research, 41(3), 195-203.
  66. Kline, R. B. (2011). Convergence of structural equation modeling and multilevel modeling (pp. 562-589). The SAGE Handbook of Innovation in Social Research Methods Malcolm Williams
  67. Krumboltz, J. D., Mitchell, A. M., & Jones, G. B. (1976). A social learning theory of career selection. The counseling psychologist, 6(1), 71-81. 001100007600600117
  68. Kumar, A. (2019). Exploring young adults’e-waste recycling behaviour using an extended theory of planned behaviour model: A cross-cultural study. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 141, 378-389.
  69. Kushwaha, G. S., & Sharma, N. K. (2016). Green initiatives: a step towards sustainable development and firm's performance in the automobile industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 121, 116-129.
  70. Lam, T., & Hsu, C. H. (2006). Predicting behavioural intention of choosing a travel destination. Tourism management, 27(4), 589-599.
  71. Lee, E. M., Park, S. Y., & Lee, H. J. (2013). Employee perception of CSR activities: Its antecedents and consequences. Journal of business research, 66(10), 1716-1724.
  72. Lemoine, G. J., Parsons, C. K., & Kansara, S. (2015). Above and beyond, again and again: Self-regulation in the aftermath of organizational citizenship behaviours. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100(1), 40.
  73. Liebowitz, J. (2010), The role of HR in achieving a sustainability culture, Journal of Sustainable Development, 3(4), 50-57
  74. Lin, Y. H., & Chen, Y. S. (2017). Determinants of green competitive advantage: the roles of green knowledge sharing, green dynamic capabilities, and green service innovation. Quality & Quantity, 51(4), 1663-1685.
  75. Lizin, S., Van Dael, M., Van Passel, S., 2017. Battery pack recycling: behaviour change interventions derived from an integrative theory of planned behaviour study. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 122, 66–82. Lam, T., & Hsu, C. H. (2004). Theory of planned behaviour: Potential travelers from China. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 28(4), 463-482.
  76. Masri, H. A., & Jaaron, A. A. (2017). Assessing green human resources management practices in Palestinian manufacturing context: An empirical study. Journal of cleaner production, 143, 474-489.
  77. Matthes, J., Wonneberger, A., Schmuck, D. (2014). Consumers’ green involvement and the persuasive effects of emotional versus functional ads. Journal of Business Research, 67(9), 1885-1893
  78. Mbasera, M., Du Plessis, E., Saayman, M., & Kruger, M. (2016). Environmentally-friendly practices in hotels. Acta Commercii, 16(1), 1-8.
  79. Niyomdecha, L., & Yahya, K. K. (2019). Examining the relationship between human resource managemnt practices and organizational citizenship behaviour for environment among administrative staff in a Thailand university. Sains Humanika, 11(2-2).
  80. Obaid, T. F., & Alias, R. B. (2015). The impact of green recruitment, green training and green learning on the firm performance: conceptual paper. International Journal of Applied Research, 1(12), 951-953. SSRN:
  81. O'Grady, S. (2018). Organisational citizenship behaviour: Sensitization to an Organisational phenomenon. Journal of nursing management, 26(7), 795–801.
  82. Paillé, P., & Mejía-Morelos, J. H. (2014). Antecedents of pro-environmental behaviour at work: The moderating influence of psychological contract breach. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 38, 124-131. breach. Journal of Environmental Psychology,38,124–131.
  83. Paillé, P., & Raineri, N. (2015). Linking perceived corporate environmental policies and employees eco-initiatives: The influence of perceived organizational support and psychological contract breach. Journal of Business Research, 68(11),
  84. Paillé, P., Boiral, O., & Chen, Y. (2013). Linking environmental management practices and organizational citizenship behaviour for the environment: a social exchange perspective. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24(18), 3552-
  85. Paul, A.K. and Anantharaman, R.N. (2004), Influence of HRM practices on organizational commitment: a study among software professionals in India, Human Resource Development Quarterly, 15(1), 77-88.
  86. Paul, J., Modi, A., & Patel, J. (2016). Predicting green product consumption using theory of planned behaviour and reasoned action. Journal of retailing and consumer services, 29, 123-134.
  87. Perron, G.M., Côté, R.P. and Duffy, J.F. (2006), Improving environmental awareness training in business, Journal of Cleaner Production, 14(6-7), 551-562
  88. Pham, N. T., Tučková, Z., & Jabbour, C. J. C. (2019). Greening the hospitality industry: How do green human resource management practices influence organizational citizenship behaviour in hotels? A mixed-methods study. Tourism Management, 72, 386-399.
  89. Pham, N. T., Tučková, Z., & Phan, Q. P. T. (2019). Greening human resource management and employee commitment toward the environment: An interaction model. Journal of Business Economics and Management, 20(3), 446-465.
  90. Pinzone, M., Guerci, M., Lettieri, E., & Redman, T. (2016). Progressing in the change journey towards sustainability in healthcare: the role of ‘Green’HRM. Journal of Cleaner Production, 122, 201-211.
  91. Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioural research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of applied psychology, 88(5), 879.
  92. Ragas, S. F. P., Tantay, F. M. A., Chua, L. J. C., & Sunio, C. M. C. (2017). Green lifestyle moderates GHRM’s impact on job performance. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 66(7), 857-872.
  93. Rahman, I., & Reynolds, D. (2019). The influence of values and attitudes on green consumer behaviour: A conceptual model of green hotel patronage. International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, 20(1), 47-74.
  94. Raineri, N., & Paillé, P. (2016). Linking corporate policy and supervisory support with environmental citizenship behaviours: The role of employee environmental beliefs and commitment. Journal of Business Ethics, 137(1), 129-148.
  95. Raineri, N., Mejía-Morelos, J. H., Francoeur, V., & Paillé, P. (2016). Employee eco-initiatives and the workplace social exchange network. European Management Journal, 34(1), 47-58.
  96. Ren, S., Tang, G., & Jackson, S. E. (2018). Green human resource management research in emergence: A review and future directions. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 35(3), 769-803.
  97. Renwick, D. W., Jabbour, C. J., Muller-Camen, M., Redman, T., & Wilkinson, A. (2016). Contemporary developments in Green (environmental) HRM scholarship. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(2), 114-128.
  98. Renwick, D., Redman, T. and Maguire, S. (2013), Green human resource management: a review and research agenda, International Journal of Management Review, 15(1), 1-14, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2370.2011.00328
  99. Ru, X., Wang, S., & Yan, S. (2018). Exploring the effects of normative factors and perceived behavioural control on individual’s energy-saving intention: An empirical study in eastern China. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 134,91-99.:
  100. San Park, J., & Kim, T. H. (2009). Do types of organizational culture matter in nurse job satisfaction and turnover intention?. Leadership in Health Services.
  101. Sarkis, J., Gonzalez-Torre, P., & Adenso-Diaz, B. (2010). Stakeholder pressure and the adoption of environmental practices: The mediating effect of training. Journal of operations Management, 28(2), 163-176.
  102. Senior, B., & Swailes, S. (2010). Organizational Change 4e. Great Britain: Pearson Education
  103. Seyal, A. H., Rahman, M. N. A., & Rahim, M. M. (2002). Determinants of academic use of the Internet: a structural equation model. Behaviour & Information Technology, 21(1), 71-86.
  104. Shabbir, M. S., Shariff, M. N. M., & Shahzad, A. (2016). Mediating role of perceived behavioural control and stakeholders’ support system on the relationship between entrepreneurial personal skills and entrepreneurial intentions of it employees in Pakistan. International Business Management, 10(9), 1745-1755.
  105. Shan, G., Yee, C. L., & Ji, G. (2020). Effects of attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control, customer value and accessibility on intention to visit Haizhou Gulf in China. Journal of Marketing Advances and Practices, 2(1), 26-37.
  106. Shen, Y., Jackson, T., Ding, C., Yuan, D., Zhao, L., Dou, Y., & Zhang, Q. (2014). Linking perceived organizational support with employee work outcomes in a Chinese context: Organizational identification as a mediator. European Management Journal, 32(3), 406-412.
  107. Siyambalapitiya, J., Zhang, X., & Liu, X. (2018). Green human resource management: A proposed model in the context of Sri Lanka’s tourism industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 201, 542-555.
  108. Srivastava, A. P., & Shree, S. (2019). Examining the effect of employee green involvement on perception of corporate social responsibility. Management of Environmental Quality, 30(1), 197-210.
  109. Swaminathan, S., & Jawahar, P. D. (2013). Job satisfaction as a predictor of organizational citizenship behaviour: An empirical study. Global Journal of Business Research, 7(1), 71-80.
  110. Tang, G., Chen, Y., Jiang, Y., Paillé, P., & Jia, J. (2018). Green human resource management Practices: scale development and validity. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 56 (1), 31-55.
  111. Tarkang, M. E., Alola, U. V., Nange, R. Y., & Ozturen, (2020) A. Investigating the factors that trigger airline industry purchase intention.
  112. Tian, H., Zhang, J., & Li, J. (2020). The relationship between pro-environmental attitude and employee green behaviour: the role of motivational states and green work climate perceptions. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27(7), 7341-7352.
  113. Touboulic, A., & Walker, H. (2015). Love me, love me not: A nuanced view on collaboration in sustainable supply chains. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 21(3), 178-191.
  114. Trang, H. L. T., Lee, J. S., & Han, H. (2019). How do green attributes elicit pro-environmental behaviours in guests? The case of green hotels in Vietnam. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 36(1), 14-28.
  115. TSI. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2021. Available online: (accessed on 10 July 2021)
  116. Ulucak R, Bilgili F. 2018. A reinvestigation of EKC model by ecological footprint measurement for high, middle- and low-income countries. J Clean Prod. 188, 144–157. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.191
  117. Wang, X., Geng, L., Zhou, K., Ye, L., Ma, Y., & Zhang, S. (2016). Mindful learning can promote connectedness to nature: Implicit and explicit evidence. Consciousness and cognition, 44, 1-7.
  118. Webb, D., Soutar, G.N., Mazzarol, T., Saldaris, P., 2013. Self-determination theory and consumer behavioural change: evidence from a household energy-saving behaviour study. J. Environ. Psychol. 35, 59–66.
  119. World Health Organization 2018. 7 million premature deaths annually linked to air pollution. [accessed 2018 Jun 30].
  120. Xie, X., Zhu, Q., & Qi, G. (2020). How can green training promote employee career growth?. Journal of Cleaner Production, 120818.
  121. Yarimoglu, E., & Gunay, T. (2020). The extended theory of planned behaviour in Turkish customers' intentions to visit green hotels. Business Strategy and the Environment, 29(3), 1097-1108.
  122. Yu, T. K., Lin, F. Y., Kao, K. Y., & Yu, T. Y. (2019). Encouraging Environmental Commitment to Sustainability: An Empirical Study of Environmental Connectedness Theory to Undergraduate Students. Sustainability, 11(2), 342.
  123. Yuriev, A., Boiral, O., Francoeur, V., & Paillé, P. (2018). Overcoming the barriers to pro-environmental behaviours in the workplace: A systematic review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 182, 379-394.
  124. Yusoff, Y. M., Nejati, M., Kee, D. M. H., & Amran, A. (2018). Linking green human resource management practices to environmental performance in hotel industry. Global Business Review, 21, 663–680.
  125. Zientara, P., & Zamojska, A. (2018). Green organizational climates and employee pro-environmental behaviour in the hotel industry. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 26(7), 1142-1159.
  126. Zoogah, D.B. (2011), The dynamics of green HRM behaviours: a cognitive social information processing approach, German Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(2),117-139.

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-05-22 23:48:03

No citation recorded.