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Green Port Strategies in Developed Coastal Countries as Useful Lessons for the Path of Sustainable Development: A case study in Vietnam

1Academy of Political Regional II, Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, Viet Nam

2PATET Research Group, Ho Chi Minh city University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam

3Institute of Engineering, HUTECH University, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam

Received: 10 Feb 2022; Revised: 12 Jun 2022; Accepted: 20 Jun 2022; Available online: 29 Jun 2022; Published: 2 Nov 2022.
Editor(s): H. Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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The global shipping industry has been contributing more than four-fifths of the volume of goods transported internationally. However, shipping is facing pressure from strict policies on combating climate change from the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Seaports are an essential component of shipping and are also having to change their development strategies to be more sustainable and smarter. The concept of a green port was born as an inevitable part of the green economic development path. Green port system development policies and strategies have been discussed and studied in recent literature reviews, and have revealed the limited reach of developing countries. This work focuses on evaluating successful green port policies and concepts in developed countries to highlight the distinctive features of green ports. Moreover, the experiences from the effective green port models of developed countries can be valuable lessons for developing countries like Vietnam. More interestingly, the core features of green ports, when piloted at several international ports in Vietnam, promote port efficiency and environmental friendliness. On the way to implementing the national green port strategy, Vietnam has been establishing legal and infrastructure corridors to realize the strategy of sustainable marine economic development by 2045.

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Keywords: Green port strategies; Clean energy; Renewables; Sustainable development; Developed coastal countries; Vietnam

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