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Numerical Investigation of a Solar PV/T Air Collector Under the Climatic Conditions of Zarqa, Jordan

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Al Hussein Technical University, Amman, Jordan

Received: 19 Mar 2022; Revised: 1 Jun 2022; Accepted: 22 Jun 2022; Available online: 1 Jul 2022; Published: 1 Nov 2022.
Editor(s): H. Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract
The use of hybrid photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) and low concentrating photovoltaic/thermal (LCPV/T) systems can significantly enhance the overall solar energy conversion efficiency by delivering electricity and thermal energy. This paper presents a case study using a standing PV system's theoretical and modeling approach that can be modified to adapt to the hybrid technology. Firstly, a single-pass conventional PV/T air-cooled collector is investigated based on heat transfer and electrical models under the climatic conditions of Zarqa, Jordan. The performance parameters are evaluated using thermal and electrical properties of the considered PV installation and measured meteorological data. Results show that the total energy produced varies between a maximum of 134.6 kWh/m2 in July and a minimum of 81.7 kWh/m2 in January. The annual average hourly variation of overall energy efficiency ranges between 79.2% and 88.4%. Moreover, the dissipated thermal energy can meet 63.6% of the total energy required to ventilate the Hashemite University Presidency Building during the winter months. Finally, the performance of the modeled PV/T system air system coupled with flat boosters to provide a low irradiation concentration ratio (CR) is explored. The maximum electric output of the resulting LCPV/T system is compared with the uncooled system. It is found that the percentage improvement due to air cooling ranges between 0.72% at CR=1 and 2.77% at CR=2.5
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Keywords: PV/T air collector; Low concentration ratio; Numerical simulation; Useful thermal energy; Overall energy efficiency

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