skip to main content

Sumpah Pemuda Arab, 1934: Pergulatan Identitas Orang Arab-Hadrami di Indonesia

*Rabith Jihan Amaruli scopus  -  Department of History, Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Nazala Noor Maulany scopus  -  Department of History, Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Singgih Tri Sulistiyono scopus  -  Department of History, Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Abstract

This article discusses the Sumpah Pemuda Arab (Arab Youth Pledge) in 1934 which became the forerunner of the formation of the first Arab-Hadrami nationalist organization, the Arab Association of Indonesia (PAI) which later became the Arab Party of Indonesia (PAI). This article conducted by using the historical method. Sumpah Pemuda Arab 1934 is the answer to the struggle of Arab-Hadrami identity and nationalism to fulfill its right as part of Indonesian citizen (WNI). This historical study is important in view of the fact that the phenomenon of the Arabism movement which is now emerging through the involvement of symbols and the identity of the oneness tends to place Arab-Hadrami as opposed to the direction and commitment of the nation.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Arab-Hadrami; Identity; Nationalism

Article Metrics:

  1. Baswedan, A. R. (1934). Catatan Tentang: Soempah Pemoeda Indonesia Ketoeroenan Arab. Nasional Press: Surabaya
  2. Baswedan, A. R. “Peranakan Arab dan Totoknya,” Matahari, Tahun 1 No. 1, Semarang, 1 Agustus 1934
  3. AD/ART Rabithah Alawiyah
  4. Alatas, Ismail Fajrie (2015). “Gold and Silver, Branded Horses, and Well-Tilled Land: Gender and Hadrami Migration”, Indonesia Feminist Journal 3 (1): 4-13
  5. Alatas, Ismail Fajrie (2010). “Menjadi Arab: Komunitas Hadrami, Ilmu Pengetahuan Kolonial & Etnisitas”, dalam L.W.C. van den Berg, Orang Arab di Nusantara, terjemahan Rahayu Hidayat. Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu
  6. Algadri, M. Hamid (1996). Islam dan Keturunan Arab: dalam Pemberontakan Melawan Belanda. Jakarta: Mizan
  7. Berg, L.W.C. van den (2010). Orang Arab di Nusantara, terjemahan Rahayu Hidayat. Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu
  8. Feener, R. Michael (2004). “Hybridity and the “Hadhrami Diaspora” in the Indian Ocean Muslim Networks”, Asian Journal of Social Science (32) 3: 353-372
  9. Freitag, Ulrike (1999). “Hadramaut: a Religious Center for the Indian Ocean in the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries”, Studia Islamica 89: 165-183
  10. Hayaze’, Nabil A. Karim (2017). Kumpulan Tulisan & Pemikiran Hoesin Bafagieh: Tokoh PAI dan Nasionalis Keturunan Arab. Jakarta: Menara Center
  11. Bafagieh, Hoesin (1939). “Didalam dan Diloear Pergerakan”, Aliran Baroe, Surabaya, No. 6 (Januari 1939) Tahun ke-2, hlm. 1-5
  12. Jacobsen, Frode F. (2009). Hadrami Arabs in Present-Day Indonesia: An Indonesia-Oriented Group with an Arab Signature. London and New York: Routledge
  13. Jonge, Huub de (1993). “Discard and Solidarity Among the Arabs in the Netherlands East Indies, 1900-1942”, Indonesia, 55 (April): 73-90
  14. Jonge, Huub de dan Nico Kaptein (2002). “The Arab Presence in Southeast Asia: Some Introductory Remarks”, dalam Jonge, Huub de dan Nico Kaptein (Eds). Transcending Borders: Arabs, Politics, Trade, and Islam in Southeast Asia. Leiden: KITLV Press
  15. Jonge, Huub de (2004). “Abdul Rahman Baswedan and the Emancipation of Hadhramis in Indonesia”, Asian Journal of Social Science 32 (3): 373-400
  16. Kesheh, Natalie Mobini (1997). “Islamic Modernism in Colonial Java: The Al-Irshad Movements”, Ulrike Freitag dan William G. Clerence Smith (eds.), Hadrami Traders, Scholars, and Statesman in the Indian Ocean, 1750s-1960s. Leiden: Brill
  17. Kesheh, Natalie Mobini (1999). The Hadrami Awakening: Community and Identity in the Netherlands East Indies, 1900-1942. New York: Cornell Southeast Asia Program
  18. Mandal, Sumit Kumar (2002). “Forging A Modern Arab Identity in Java in the Early Twentieth Century”, dalam Huub de Jonge dan Nico Kaptein, Transcending Borders: Arabs, Politics, Trade, and Islam in Southeast Asia. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2002
  19. Noer, Deliar (1980). Gerakan Modern Islam di Indonesia 1900-1942. Jakarta: LP3ES
  20. Rijal, Syamsul (2017). “Internal Dynamics within Hadhrami Arabs in Indonesia: From Social Hierarchy to Islamic Doctrine”, Journal of Indonesia Islam 11(1): 1-28
  21. Slama, Martin (2005). “Indonesian Hadhramis and the Hadhramaut: An Old Diaspora and Its New Connections”, Antropologi Indonesia 29: 107-113
  22. Smith, William G. Clarence (1997). “Hadhramaut and the Hadhrami in the Modern Colonial Era: An Introductory Survey”, Ulrike Freitag dan William G. Clerence Smith (eds.), Hadhrami Traders, Scholars, and Statesmen in Indian Ocean, 1750s-1960s. Leiden: Brill
  23. Suratmin dan Didi Kwartanada (2014). Biografi A.R. Baswedan: Membangun Bangsa Merajut Keindonesiaan. Jakarta: Kompas
  24. “Orang-orang di sekitar Baswedan”, www.majalah.tempo/interaktif.com/id/arsip/2008/12/15/imz/mbm.200, diakses pada 8 Agustus 2018
  25. “Mengenang Hoesin Bafagih dan Tonil Fatimah”, Edisi 3 Juni 2018, https://majalah. tempo.co/read/155585/mengenang-hoesin-bafagih-dan-tonil-fatimah, diakses pada 8 Agustus 2018

Last update:

  1. Facing the New Era of Local Tourism: Identifying the Tomb of Sayid Luhung Alwi for Developing Religious Tourism in Semarang

    Rabith Jihan Amaruli, Paramitha Zada Claudia, B. Warsito, Sudarno, T. Triadi Putranto. E3S Web of Conferences, 202 , 2020. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/202020207008
  2. Arab Symbols in Coastal Communities for the Development of Multicultural Environment in Semarang

    Rabith Jihan Amaruli, Singgih Tri Sulistiyono, Endang Susilowati, Dewi Yuliati, B. Warsito, Sudarno, T. Triadi Putranto. E3S Web of Conferences, 202 , 2020. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/202020207041
  3. Persatoean Arab Indonesia (PAI)

    Taslim Batubara, Ahmad Muhajir. Andalas International Journal of Socio-Humanities, 4 (2), 2022. doi: 10.25077/aijosh.v4i2.39

Last update: 2024-02-28 16:09:30

No citation recorded.