skip to main content

Assessing Occupational Noise Exposure and Blood Pressure of Cabin Personnel of an Indonesian Diesel Train

Wiwik Budiawan orcid scopus  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
*Pertiwi Andarani orcid scopus  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Lare Demetria Agiasti  -  PT Sinergi Enviro Nusantara, Indonesia

Citation Format:

Noise may cause serious health problems, including physiological responses, specifically in the cardiovascular system. This study aims to assess occupational noise exposure and analyze the correlation between occupational noise and blood pressure in cabin and station personnel. The participants were 30 cabin personnel (train drivers) and 30 station personnel. The cabin had a Leq of 90.3 dBA while the noise level at Poncol Station was still below the threshold limit value (TLV), i.e., 75.8 dBA. The noise exposure assessment also included noise exposure profiling. The Chi-square test showed that noise influenced systolic and diastolic blood pressure changes. Furthermore, for train drivers, the t-test showed a difference in systolic and diastolic between before and after the activity. As for station personnel, there was a difference in systolic, but contrarily it was not the case in diastolic. According to the noise profile, the train whistle had the most significant noise level at 120 dBA. Moreover, the use of a train whistle regularly may raise the noise level exposure to cabin staff and even station workers. This study contributes to scientific evidence that occupational noise might affect blood pressure

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Occupational noise; train; cabin personnel; train driver; blood pressure

Article Metrics:

  1. Andarani, P., Desinta, I., Budiawan, W., Syafrudin, S., Hadiwidodo, M., Huboyo, H.S., 2019. Noise exposure assessment and estimated excess risk of cabin personnel in the locomotive-cc205. Indian J. Public Heal. Res. Dev. 10, 789–794
  2. Bambang, P., Wiwik, B., 2013. An insight review of Indonesia railway accidents: Preliminary study on Indonesia railways datamining. In: International Conference on Information Systems for Business Competitiveness (ICISBC 2013), 421–423
  3. Budiawan, W., Ulfa, E.A., Andarani, P., 2016. Analisis hubungan kebisingan mesin dengan stres kerja (studi kasus: mesin for one twister (TFO) PT XYZ). J. Presipitasi Media Komun. dan Pengemb. Tek. Lingkungan 13, 1–7
  4. Chang, T.Y., Hwang, B.F., Liu, C.S., Chen, R.Y., Wang, V.S., Bao, B.Y., Lai, J.S., 2013. Occupational noise exposure and incident hypertension in men: A prospective cohort study. Am. Journal Epidemiol 177, 818–825
  5. Choi, C.W.S.L., Cho, J.H., Choi, S., Lee, C., Kim, J., 2004. Interior noise of a Korean high-speed train in tunnels. Acoustics 415–420
  6. Croy, I., Smith, M.G., Waye, K.P., 2013. Effects of train noise and vibration on human heart rate during sleep: An experimental study. BMJ Open 3, 1–9
  7. Eldakdoky, S., Elkhateeb, A., 2021. Noise levels inside the coaches of greater Cairo tunnel metro, line 3 tunnel. Front. Archit. Res. 10, 410–419
  8. Evans, T., Falbe-Hansen, K., Martini, N., Juul-Sorensen, N., Tabarra, M., Winther, K., 2020. Cityringen metro, Copenhagen, Denmark: an expansion to the danish capital's metro system using passenger-centred design. Arup J. 55, 5–15
  9. Federal Highway Administration (FHA, US Department of Transportation, 2006. Sound Level Descriptor [WWW Document]. FHWA-HEP-17-053. URL (accessed 6.11.22)
  10. Fogari, R., Zoppi, A., Corradi, L., Marasi, G., Vanasia, A., Zanchetti, A., 2001. Transient but not sustained blood pressure increments by occupational noise. An ambulatory blood pressure measurement study. J. Hypertens. 19
  11. Hahad, O., Kröller-Schön, S., Daiber, A., Münzel, T., 2019. The cardiovascular effects of noise. Dtsch. Arztebl. Int. 116
  12. Hosoya, E., 1995. Environmental issues concerning Japanese railways. Rail Int. 38–48
  13. Inoue, M., Laskar, M.S., Harada, N., 2005. Cross-sectional study on occupational noise and hypertension in the workplace. Arch. Environ. Occup. Health 60, 106–110
  14. Iridiastadi, H., 2016. Railway operations and safety in Indonesia: a descriptive study. Comput. Railw. XV Railw. Eng. Des. Oper. 1, 389–397
  15. Iridiastadi, H., 2021. Fatigue in the Indonesian rail industry: A study examining passenger train drivers. Appl. Ergon. 92, 103332
  16. James, P.A., Oparil, S., Carter, B.L., Cushman, W.C., Dennison-Himmelfarb, C., Handler, J., Lackland, D.T., LeFevre, M.L., MacKenzie, T.D., Ogedegbe, O., Smith, S.C., Svetkey, L.P., Taler, S.J., Townsend, R.R., Wright, J.T., Narva, A.S., Ortiz, E., 2014. 2014 Evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: Report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA - J. Am. Med. Assoc. 311, 507–520
  17. Kristal-Boneh, E., Melamed, S., Harari, G., Green, M.S., 1995. Acute and chronic effects of noise exposure on blood pressure and heart rate among industrial employees: the Cordis Study. Arch. Environ. Health 50, 298–304
  18. Lu, S.Y., Lee, C.L., Lin, K.Y., Lin, Y.H., 2018. The acute effect of exposure to noise on cardiovascular parameters in young adults. J. Occup. Health 60, 289–297
  19. NIOSH, C., 1998. Occupational noise exposure (revised criteria 19980, criteria for a recommended standard. Cincinnati, United States of America
  20. Passchier-Vermeer, W., Passchier, W.F., 2000. Noise exposure and public health. Environ. Health Perspect. 108, 123–131
  21. Sbihi, H., Davies, H.W., Demers, P.A., 2008. Hypertension in noise-exposed sawmill workers: a cohort study. Occup. Environ. Med. 65, 643 LP – 646
  22. Skogstad, M., Johannessen, H.A., Tynes, T., Mehlum, I.S., Nordby, K.C., Lie, A., 2016. Systematic review of the cardiovascular effects of occupational noise. Occup. Med. (Lond). 66, 10–16
  23. Sujarwanto, T., Prajitno, G., Yuwana, L., 2014. Kebisingan di dalam kabin masinis lokomotif tipe CC201. J. Sains dan Seni ITS 3, B101–B106
  24. Sutiningsih, D., Filaely, P., Udiyono, A., Wijayanti, E.P.N., 2020. Analysis of noise factors in increasing blood pressure of railway employees in Semarang Poncol train station. Adv. Heal. Sci. Res. 25, 214–227
  25. Weinmann, T., Ehrenstein, V., Von Kries, R., Nowak, D., Radon, K., 2012. Subjective and objective personal noise exposure and hypertension: An epidemiologic approach. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 85, 363–371
  26. World Health Organization (WHO), 2013. High blood pressure: a public health problem [WWW Document]. URL (accessed 6.11.22)

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2023-12-05 04:03:46

No citation recorded.