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Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine Using Ether Additives: A Review

1Faculty of Mechanical Engineering (FME), Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City (IUH), Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

2PATET Research Group, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

3Institute of Maritime, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

4 School of Transportation Engineering, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Viet Nam

5 Institute of Engineering, HUTECH University, Ho Chi Minh city, Viet Nam

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Received: 8 Oct 2021; Revised: 16 Nov 2021; Accepted: 20 Nov 2021; Available online: 27 Nov 2021; Published: 1 Feb 2022.
Editor(s): H. Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Abstract
Pressure on alternative fuels and strict environmental regulations are driving a strategic shift in the efficient use of renewable biofuels. One of the promising biofuel candidates recently interested by scholars is a biological or organic additive that is added into diesel or biodiesel fuel to improve engine performance and reduce pollutant emissions. With efforts to improve efficiency and combustion quality in cylinders, combustion characteristics, flame structure and emission formation mechanism in compression ignition (CI) engines using blended fuel with organic additives have been studied on the effect of additive properties on the combustion behaviour. In this review, the physicochemical properties of typical organic additives such as ethers compounds and their effects on engine performance and emission characteristics have been discussed and evaluated based on conclusions of recent relevant literature. The results of the analysis revealed the prospect of using ether additives to improve combustion in cylinders and reduce pollutant emissions from CI engines. Obviously, the presence of higher oxygen content, lower viscosity and density, and higher cetane number resulted in a positive change in the combustion dynamics as well as a chain of mechanisms for the formation of pollutant precursors in the cylinder. Therefore, ether additives have a significant contribution to the sustainable energy strategy of the transportation sector in the next period when internal combustion engines still dominate in the competition for energy system choices equipped on vehicles.
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Keywords: Ether additives; engine performance; emission characteristics; diesel engine

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