skip to main content

The Urgency of Presidential Institution Regulations in Strengthening the Presidential Government System

*Widayati Widayati scopus  -  Faculty of Law, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Indonesia
Mas Nooraini binti Haji Mohiddin  -  Faculty of Shariah and Law, Universitas Islam Sultan Sharif Ali, Brunei Darussalam
Ratna Herawati scopus  -  Faculty of Law, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Winanto Winanto  -  Faculty of Law, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright 2023 LAW REFORM under

Citation Format:

The existence and authority of the executive, legislative and judicial institutions are regulated in the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, then regulated in more detail in the law, except for the President. There is no law on presidential institutions yet, so there is concern that the President will exceed or abuse his authority in carrying out his duties. This research discusses the importance of regulating presidential institutions in strengthening the presidential system. The research approach was normative juridical; examining legal rules or regulations as a building system related to a legal event. The data used were secondary data in the forms of primary and secondary legal materials. Based on the results of the analysis, it is concluded that: 1) the regulation of presidential institutions is only found in the Constitution. There is no description of the position and division of authority between the President and Vice President and other positions in the presidential institution. 2) The position of the Vice President is as assistant to the President, and the Vice President replaces the President when the President dies, resigns, is dismissed, or is unable to carry out his obligations during his term of office. 3) Regulation of presidential institutions in strengthening the presidential government system is very urgent to prevent arbitrary actions by the President and to provide clarity on the authority of positions within the presidential realm so that they can carry out their duties well in supporting the President as head of state and head of government. With clear arrangements, each person has responsibilities, and there will be no overlapping of authority.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Regulatory Urgency; Presidential Institution; Presidential Government System.

Article Metrics:

  1. Adinda, Rizki Aulia., Fatmala, Cici., & Hijri, Yana Syafrie. (2023). Perbandingan Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensial di Indonesia dan Amerika Serikat. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Konseling, Vol.5, (No.1), p.2349.
  2. Aritonang, Dinoroy M. (2010). Penerapan Sistem Presidensil di Indonesia Pasca Amandemen UUD 1945. Mimbar Hukum, Vol.22,(No.2),p.396.
  3. Arsa, Ria C. (2019). Urgensi Pengaturan Lembaga Kepresidenan Dalam Rangka Mewujudkan Konsolidasi Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensiil. Jurnal Hukum Kenegaraan,Vol.2,(No.1),pp.97-98. (Jurnal Tercetak; Asosiasi Pengajar HTN-Han Jawa Timur)
  4. Aryani, Nyoman Mas., & Hermanto, Bagus. (2018). Rekonstruksi Kejelasan Kedudukan Wakil Presiden dalam Kerangka Penguatan dan Penegasan Sistem Presidensiil Indonesia. Jurnal Legislasi Indonesia, Vol.15, (No.2), pp.91-101.
  5. Asrinaldi., Yusoff, Muhammad Agus., & Karim, Zamzani Abdul. (2022). Oligarchy in the Jokowi government and its influence on the implementation of legislative function in Indonesia. Asian Journal of Comparative Politics,Vol.7,(No.2),pp.189–203. 1995564
  6. Aulia, Nur Afti., Husen, La Ode., & Gadjong, Agussalim A. (2021). The Presidential System with a Multiparty System is Based on the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. Sovereign: International Journal of Law, Vol.3, (No.1), pp.1–19. https://doi. org/10.37276/sijl.v3i1.34
  7. Abrianto, Bagus Oktafian., Ibrahim, Farid., & Nugraha, Xavier. (2020). Refomulating The Concept of State Principles Based on Ideological and Technocratic Strategic as A Suistainable Development Direction. Law Reform,Vol.16,(No.1),pp.112-126.
  8. Budiman, M. (2017). Kekuasaan Presiden Dalam Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensil (Suatu Kajian Terhadap Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945). Jurnal Al-Ishlah: Jurnal Ilmiah Hukum, Vol.20,(No.1),p.29. id/index.php/ishlah/article/ view/5/
  9. Bünte, Marco., & Thompson, Mark R. (2018). Perilous presidentialism in Southeast Asia? In Contemporary Politics, Vol.24, Issue3, pp.251–265. 75.2017. 1413501
  10. Carlin, Ryan E., Love, Gregory J., & Martínez-Gallardo, Cecilia. (2015). Security, Clarity of Responsibility, and Presidential Approval. Comparative Political Studies, Vol.48,(No.4),pp.438–463.
  11. Firdayanti, Dian A. (2020). Kedudukan dan Kekuasaan Konstitusional Wakil Presiden dalam Sistem Presidensiil. Journal Jurist-Diction,Vol.3,(No.4),p.1565.
  12. Fortin, J. (2013). Measuring presidential powers: Some pitfalls of aggregate measurement. International Political Science Review, Vol.34,(No.1),pp.91–112.
  13. Goel, Rajeev., & Nelson, Michael A. (2020). Presidential Versus Parliamentary Systems: Where Do Female Entrepreneurs Thrive?. Social Science Quarterly, Vol.101,(No.5),pp.1773–1788.
  14. Hamidi, Jazim., & Lutfi, Mustafa. (2008). Paradigma Baru Lembaga Kepresidenan di Indonesia (Perspektif Teori Lembaga Negara). Jurnal Hukum Progresif, Vol.4, (No.1),p.35.
  15. Huda, N. (2000). Peningkatan Peran Wakil Presiden melalui Keppres No. 121 Tahun 2000. Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM, Vol.7,(No.14),p.115. IUSTUM/article/ view/4984
  16. Humaidi, M. Wildan., & Rahmadanti, Inna Soffika. (2023). Constitutional Design of State Policy as Guidelines on Indonesia’s Presidential System Development Plan. Volksgeist: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Dan Konstitusi,Vol.6,(No.1),pp.61–76.https://
  17. Inácio, M. (2016). The Institutional Presidency in Latin America: A Comparative Analysis. Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol.46, (No.3),pp.531–549. psq.12297
  18. Indarja. (2018). Perkembangan Pemilihan Presiden dan Wakil Presiden di Indonesia. Jurnal Masalah-Masalah Hukum, Vol.47, (No.1),pp.63-70. DOI: 10.14710/mmh.47.1.2018.63-70
  19. Indrastuti, L. (2010). Kedudukan,Tugas dan Pertanggung Jawaban Wakil Presiden Menurut UUD 1945. Jurnal Wacana Hukum,Vol.9,(No.2),p.115.
  20. Kuswanto. (2018). Consistency of the Presidential System in Indonesia. Sriwijaya Law Review,Vol2,(No.2),p.170. 10.28946/slrev.Vol2.Iss2.67.pp170-182
  21. Koynja, Johanes J. (2015). Konstitusionalitas Fungsi dan Wewenang Wakil Presiden RI Setelah Amandemen UUD 1945. JATISWARA,Vol.30,(No.2),p.350. /js/article/view/105
  22. Lewis, David E. (2011). Presidential appointments and personnel. Annual Review of Political Science,Vol.14,pp.47–66.
  23. Makita, J. (2023). Institutional development of legislative supporting agencies (LSAs) from a perspective of difference between presidential and parliamentary systems. Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, Vol.8,(No.1),pp.422–441. 1177/20578911221138475
  24. Martínez, Christhoper A. (2017). Presidential survival in South America: Rethinking the role of democracy. International Political Science Review, Vol.38, (No.1), pp.40–55.
  25. Marwiyah, Siti., Borman, M Syahrul., Ruba’ie., Ramadhani, M. Chotib., Saraswati, Retno., & Naprathansuk, Non. (2023). The Educational Role of The Constitutional Court in Compliance of Indonesian Citizens.Law Reform,Vol.19,(No.1),pp.148-168. 53971
  26. Mietzner, M. (2014). Indonesia’s 2014 Elections: How Jokowi won and democracy Survived. Journal of Democracy, Vol.25, Issue4, pp.111-125. https://www.journalofdemocra
  27. Mietzner, M. (2016). Coercing loyalty: Coalitional presidentialism and party politics in jokowi’s Indonesia. Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.38, (No.2), pp.209–232. 10.1355/cs38-2b
  28. Muhtadi., & Ridlwan, Zulkarnain. (2023). Reinstatement of National Guidelines of State Policy Within Indonesian Presidential System: The Possibility. Fiat Justisia: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Vol.17,(No.2), pp.133–144.
  29. Octovina, Ribkha A. (2018). Sistem Presidensiil Indonesia. CosmoGov: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan,Vol.4,(No.2),p.249.
  30. Partlett, W. (2022). Crown-Presidentialism. International Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol.20,(No.1),pp.204–236.
  31. Ruslan, Garayeva Z. (2019). Why American Presidential System Is Success Full?. Hileya: Scientific Bulletin / Gileya, Issue 143,Part3,pp.28-32. https://web.s.ebsco
  32. Santosa, Susilo Imam., & Suardita, I. Ketut. (2015). Desain Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensial yang Efektif.KerthaNegara, Vol.3,(No.2),pp.1-5. view/13078
  33. Saraswati, R. (2012). Desain Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensiil yang Efektif. Jurnal Masalah-Masalah Hukum, Vol.41, (No.1),p.138. /mmh.41.1.2012.137-143
  34. Sianipa, Morus Maxine., Safa’at, Muchamad Ali., Anshari S. N, Tunggul., & Widiarto, Aan Eko. (2022). Legality and Legitimacy of Law Promulgated Without Presidential Ratification in The Presidential Government System. Journal of Social Sciences, Vol.V, (No.1),pp.112–126. 26/jss.utm.2022.5(1).13
  35. Sodikin. (2014). Pemilu Serentak (Pemilu Legislatif dengan Penilu Presiden dan Wakil Presiden) dan Penguatan Sistem Presidensiil. Jurnal Rechtsvinding; Media Pembinaan Hukum Nasional, Vol.3, (No.1),p.20.
  36. Sorik, Sutan., Arsil, Fitra., & Ayuni, Qurrata. (2023). The Problem of Citizenship Requirements for Presidential and Vice Presidential Candidates in Indonesia. Jurnal Konstitusi, Vol.20, (No.2), pp. 179–195.
  37. Sukma, Novira Maharani., & Saraswati, Retno. (2013). Kedudukan Wakil Menteri Dalam Sistem Ketatanegaraan Indonesia Pasca Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia Nomor 79/Puu-Ix/2011. Law Reform,Vol.8,(No.2),pp.113-137.
  38. Suparto. (2021). Pelaksanaan Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensial dengan Multi Partai di Indonesia. Jurnal SASI, Vol.27, (No.4),p.519.
  39. Suyadi, A. (2018). Pembentukan dan Kewenangan Kantor Staf Presiden (KSP) dalam Struktur Lembaga Kepresidenan Republik Indonesia. Jurnal Surya Kencana Satu: Dinamika Masalah Hukum dan Keadilan,Vol.9,(No.2),p.91. DOI: 10.32493/jdmhkdmhk.v9i2.2287
  40. Tamrin, A. (2023). Urgensi Pemilu Presiden dan Wakil Presiden Secara Langsung di Era Reformasi. Jurnal Cita Hukum, Vol.1, (No.2),p.190.DOI: 10.15408/jch.v1i2.2990
  41. Taufik, M. (2020). Dinamika dalam Penerapan Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensial dan Parlementer di Indonesia. Qaumiyyah: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara, Vol.1, (No.2), p.130.
  42. Teehankee, Julio C. (2016). Weak State, Strong Presidents: Situating the Duterte Presidency in Philippine Political Time. Journal of Developing Societies, Vol.32,(No.3),pp.293–321.
  43. Tomsa, D. (2018). Regime resilience and presidential politics in Indonesia. Contemporary Politics, Vol.24, (No.3), pp.266–285.
  44. Widayati, & Winanto. (2018). The Problems In Multiparty System In The Indonesian Presidential Government System. The 4rd Proceeding International Conference “Legal Construction and Development in Comparative study”. pp.236-245. article/view/11025
  45. Wiranto, Muhammad J. (2021). Urgensi Undang-Undang tentang Lembaga Kepresidenan dalam Sistem Pemerintahan Republik Indonesia Dikaitkan dengan Eksistensi Undang - Undang Lembaga - Lembaga Negara Lainnya. Jurnal Hukum Adigama, Vol.4,(No.2),p.1895-1914. https://journal.
  46. Yani, A. (2018). Sistem Pemerintahan Indonesia: Pendekatan Teori dan Praktek Konstitusi Undang-Undang Dasar 1945. Jurnal Legislasi Indonesia, Vol.15, (No.2), p.59.
  47. Yusa, I Gede., & Hermanto, Bagus. (2017). Gagasan Rancangan Undang-Undang Lembaga Kepresidenan: Cerminan Penegasan dan Penguatan Sistem Presidensiil Indonesia. Jurnal Legislasi Indonesia,Vol.14,(No.3),p.323.
  48. Yusdiyanto. (2018). Reviving the Broad Guidelines of State Policy (GBHN) as the Product of People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR) in the Presidential Government System in Indonesia. FIAT JUSTISIA: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Vol.12, (No.4), p.307. 1328
  49. Husen, Muh S. (2017). Kedudukan Wakil Presiden dalam Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensial di Indonesia dan Amerika Serikat. Universitas Islam Indonesia
  50. Asshiddiqie, J. (2004). Format Kelembagaan Negara dan Pergeseran Kekuasaan dalam UUD 1945. Yogyakarta: FH UII Press
  51. Azhari. (1995). Negara Hukum Indonesia. Jakarta. UI-Press
  52. Budiardjo, M. ( 1985). Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Politik. Jakarta: Gramedia
  53. Fajar, Mukti., & Achmad, Yuliyanto. (2010). Dualisme Penelitian Hukum Normatif & Empiris. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar
  54. Irwansyah. (2021). Penelitian Hukum Pilihan Metode & Praktik Penulisan Artikel. Yogyakarta: Mirra Buana Media,
  55. Manan, Bagir., & Asshiddiqie, Jimly. (2006). Gagasan Amandemen UUD 1945 dan Pemilihan Presiden Secara Langsung, Sebuah Dokumen Historis. Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal dan Kepaniteraan Mahkamah Konstitusi RI
  56. Musa, Ali M. ( 2009). Lompatan Demokrasi Pasca Perubahan UUD 1945. Jakarta: Konstitusi Press
  57. Soeprapto, Maria Farida I. (2007). Ilmu Perundang-undangan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius

Last update:

  1. Preventive and Evaluative Mechanism Analysis on Regulatory and Legislation Reform in Indonesia

    Ni Luh Gede Astariyani, Bagus Hermanto, Rosino Da Cruz, Fifiana Wisnaeni. LAW REFORM, 19 (2), 2023. doi: 10.14710/lr.v19i2.55819

Last update: 2024-06-17 11:02:07

No citation recorded.