skip to main content

The Use of Lumbricus Rubellus Earthworm Effect in Composting Process of Musa Paradisiaca L. Peel Waste

Vely Kukinul Siswanto  -  Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Indonesia
*Vivin Setiani orcid publons  -  Shipbuilding Institute of Polytechnic Surabaya, Indonesia
Ayu Nindyapuspa  -  Shipbuilding Institute of Polytechnic Surabaya, Indonesia
Ummi Fadlilah Kurniawati  -  Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Indonesia
Mutiara Mayang Kamilah  -  Shipbuilding Institute of Polytechnic Surabaya, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Conventional organic waste composting is one of the processing of organic waste that produces fertilizer. However, the conventional composting process for organic waste lasts 1-3 months. Vermicomposting is composting that lasts a short time, and in addition, vermicomposting produces compost and worms with a high selling value. So, in this study, Musa Paradisiaca L (MPL) peel and sawdust waste were composted using the vermicomposting method into compost. The primary data in this study consisted of monitoring the C/N ratio, temperature, pH, moisture content, texture, the particle size of compost for 3 weeks of the composting process. Testing the analysis of the effect of using Lumbricus Rubellus (LR) earthworms in the composting process of MPL peel waste and sawdust by using LR earthworms. The study results showed that LR worms had no effect on temperature, pH, water content, and C/N ratio during the composting process of MPL peel waste but did affect the texture, particle size, and product of compost weight. pH, moisture content, and temperature of compos with adding LR earthworms and without LR worms was 7, less than 50%, 27-29 0C, respectively.  The C/N ratio of compost that uses LR earthworms was 28, while the C/N ratio of composting that uses LR earthworms was 33.

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Fulltext View|Download |  Research Results
Untitled
Subject
Type Research Results
  Download (187KB)    Indexing metadata
 Research Instrument
Untitled
Subject
Type Research Instrument
  Download (187KB)    Indexing metadata
Keywords: Environmental Engineering

Article Metrics:

  1. Arthawidya, J. Sutrisno, E. and Sumiyati, S. 2017. Analisis komposisi terbaik dari variasi C/N rasio menggunakan limbah kulit buah pisang, sayuran dan kotoran sapi dengan parameter c-organik, n-total, phospor, kalium dan c/n rasio menggunakan metode vermikomposting. Teknik Lingkungan 6(3), 1-20
  2. Badan standart Nasional. 2004. Spesifikasi kompos dari sampah organik domestik. SNI 19-7030-2004
  3. Badan standart Nasional. 1994. Metode pengambilan dan pengukuran contoh timbulan dan komposisi sampah perkotaan. SNI 19-3964-1994
  4. Bakar. Azizi A. Gawi. Syarufah N. A.S. M. Mahmood, N. Z. and Abdullah, N. 2014. Vermicomposting Of vegetable waste amended with different sources of agro-industrial by-product using Lumbricuss Rubellus. Polish Journal Environmental Studies 23 (5), 1491-1498
  5. Biruntha M, N.Karmegam, J.Archana, B.K.Selvi, J.A.J. Paul, B.Balamuralikrishnan, S.W.Chang, B.Ravindran. 2020. Vermiconversion of biowastes with low-to-high c/n ratio into value added vermicompost. Bioresource Technology 297, 122398
  6. Chaoui, H. 2010. Vermicasting (or vermicomposting): processing organic wastes through earthworms, factsheet. Agreement of Differential Gene Expression (ADGEX), 743/537
  7. Chaniago, N. 2018. Uji beberapa jenis bahan organik dan lamanya proses vermicomposting terhadap kuantitas dan kualitas casting. Agrica Ekstensi 12 (2), 18-25
  8. Favoretto, L.P. Ademola, A.E. Abosede, O.O. Vinicius, B.A. and Oliveria, R.M.O. 2016. Chemical study of vermicomposted agroindustrial wastes. Recycle Organic Waste Agriculture 5, 55–63
  9. González, Eduardo, C. Mario, R.G-D. Lorena D. M-S. and Marcela, P. S-C. 2019. Pre-Composting and vermicomposting of pineapple (ananas comosus) and vegetable waste. Applied Science Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute 9(17), 3564
  10. Gupta, R. and Garg, V.K. 2017. Vermitechnology for organic waste recycling. Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering Solid Waste Management, 83–112
  11. Gusmawartati. and Yusuf, M. 2015. Effect various combination of organic waste on compost quality hapsoh. Journal of Tropical Soils 20 (1), 59-65
  12. Hartono, A. and Janu, P. B. 2013. Pelatihan pemanfaatan limbah kulit pisang sebagai bahan dasar pembuatan kerupuk. jurnal inovasi dan kewirausahaan 2(3), 198-203
  13. Himanen. M. and Hänninen K. 2011. Composting Of bio-waste, aerobic and anaerobic sludges—effect of feedstock on the process and quality of compost. Bioresource Technology 102, 2842–2852
  14. Jamaludin, A. Ainurzaman. and Noor, Z. Mahmood. 2010. Effects of vermicomposting duration on macronutrient elements and heavy metals concentrations in vermicompost. Sains Malaysiana 39(5), 711-715
  15. Kendie, A.H. 2009. Effects of carbon to nitrogen ratio on vermicomposting of rice husk and cow dung with fresh biosolid. Master’s Thesis, Mekelle University, Mekele, Etiopia
  16. Khaerunnisa, G. and Rahmawati, I. 2013. Pengaruh pH dan rasio COD: N terhadap produksi biogas dengan bahan limbah industri alkohol (vinasse). Teknologi Kimia dan Industri 2, 1-7
  17. Majlessi, M. Eslami, AN. H.S. Mirshafieean, S. Babaii, S. 2012. Vermicomposting of food waste: assessing the stability and maturity. Journal Environmental Health Science and Engineering 9, 25
  18. Manyuchi, M.M.M. Phiri, A. Chirinda, N. Muredzi, P. Govhaand, J. Sengudzwa, T. 2012. Vermicomposting of waste corn pulp blended with cow dung using eisenia foetida. World Academy of Science Engineering and Technology 68, 1306–1309
  19. Meena, A. L. Minakshi, K. Debashis, D. R.P., and Mishra. 2021. Composting: phases and factors responsible for efficient and improved composting. Agriculture and food E-newsletter 3 (1), 86-90
  20. Mujiyo, W. H. Herawati, A. Rochman, F. and Rafirman, R. 2017. potensi lahan untuk budidaya pisang Di Kecamatan Jenawi Karanganyar . Sustainable Agriculture 32(2), 142-148
  21. Natalina. Sulastri. and Aisah, N.N. 2017. Pengaruh variasi komposisi serbuk gergaji, kotoran sapi dan kotoran kambing pada pembuatan kompos 1 (2)
  22. Nuriasih, P. D. Putra, I. K. Asih, N. K. and Pratiwi, L. P. 2019. Pemanfaatan limbah kulit pisang sebagai masker kecantikan organik. Bakti Saraswati 8(2), 150-154
  23. Olle, Margit. 2019. Review: vermicompost, its importance and benefit in agriculture. Agricultural Science 2, 93-98
  24. Othman, N. Irwan, J.M. Roslan, M.A. 2012.Vermicomposting of food waste. International Journal of Integrated Engineering. 4, 39–48
  25. Rahmatullah, F. Sumarni, W. and Susatyo, E.B. 2013. Potensi vermikompos dalam meningkatkan kadar n dan p pada limbah ipal pt. djarum. Indonesian. Chemical Science 2(2), 142-147
  26. Rahmawati, E. Herumurti, W. 2016. Vermikompos sampah kebun dengan menggunakan cacing tanah edrilus eugeneae dan eisenia fetida. Teknik Lingkungan 5(1)
  27. Singh. Jaswinder. Singh, S. Vig, A. P. and Kaur, P. 2018. Environmental influence of soil toward effective vermicomposting chapter 3. effect of temperature and moisture on earthworm in the ecological engineers of soil. London. IntechOpen
  28. Subandriyo. Anggoro, D. D., and Hadiyanto. 2012. Optimasi pengomposan sampah organik rumah tangga menggunakan kombinasi aktivator EM4 dan MOL terhadap rasio C/N. Ilmu Lingkungan, 10(2), 70-75
  29. Suhartanto, M. R. Sobir. and Harti, H. 2012. Teknologi sehat budidaya pisang: dari benih sampai pasca panen. Bogor. Pusat Kajian Hortikultura Tropika, LPPM-IPB
  30. Suprianto, and Erlani. 2019. Proporsi sekam padi dalam pembuatan kompos limbah kulit pisang. Sulolipu Media Komunikasi Sivitas Akademika dan Masyarakat 19(1), 34-42
  31. Purnomo. Eko A. Sutrisno, E. Sumiyati. 2017. Pengaruh variasi c/n rasio terhadap produksi kompos dan kandungan kalium, pospat dari batang pisang dengan kombinasi kotoran sapu dalam sistem vermicomposting 6 (2)
  32. Tchobanoglous, G., Theisen, H., and Vigil, S. 2002. Integrated solid waste management. New York: McGraw-Hill
  33. Wulandari, N. D. 2020. Pengolahan sampah daun mangga, daun trembesi dan sayuran dengan metode vermikompos. Tugas Akhir, Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.